BPSC Syllabus:-

The Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) conducts recruitment exams to fill up vacancies in the state administration. The BPSC Exam Pattern of the respective exams can be found on the official website and in the notification/advertisement. The 68th Combined Competitive (mains) Exam has been conducted and the commission has announced the date of 30th September for 69th Combined Competitive (Prelims) Exam.


BPSC Upper Age Limit and Relaxation
General Category- male 37 years
General Category- female 37 years
BC/OBC (Male, Female) 40 years
SC/ST (Male, Female) 42 years
Age Relaxation
People with Disability 10 years
Government Employees (more than 3-year service) 5 years
Ex-Servicemen whose age is not more than 5. Years 3 years + period of service
BPSC Prelims Exam Pattern 2023
Name Of Exam Combined Competitive Exam (Pre)
Organizing Body Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC)
No. of Papers in Prelims Only one General Studies Paper
Duration 2 hours
Total Marks in Prelims 150 Marks, Every question asked for 1 mark.
Negative Marking 0.25 Marks for every wrong answer
Total No. of Questions 150 Questions
Type of Questions MCQ-based questions (Objective Questions)
BPSC Mains Exam Pattern 2023
Paper Code BPSC Syllabus Subjects for Mains Marks Time Duration
01 General Hindi (Qualifying, minimum 30%) 100 3 Hours
02 General Studies Paper 1 300 3 Hours
03 General Studies Paper 2 300 3 Hours
04 to 37 Optional Paper (MCQ Based & Qualifying) 100 3 Hours
38 Essay 300 3 Hours
BPSC Prelims Syllabus- General Studies
The BPSC Syllabus for Prelims consists of just one paper on General Studies (GS). This single exam will test the candidates on various aspects such as the economic concepts, political scenario, current events and history of the Bihar state. Here are a few important topics of the BPSC Prelims syllabus that are to be covered in the written exam, which will be objective.
  • Current Affairs of national and international importance,
  • History of India and its salient features,
  • History of Bihar,
  • Geography of Bihar,
  • Geography of India,
  • The geographical division of Bihar, major river systems,
  • Physical, social, and economic Geography of the country, including the main features of Indian agricultural and natural resources.
  • features of Indian agricultural and natural resources,
  • Indian Polity and Economy,
  • Significant changes in the economy of Bihar post-independence,
  • Indian National Movement and the role played by Bihar,
  • Questions on the Indian National Movement shall have questions on the nature and character of the 19th-century resurgence, growth of nationalism, and attainment of Independence,
  • General Mental Ability questions,
  • General Science that will test the understanding of Science, matters of everyday observation and experience,
  • Understanding of the subject in its social, economic, and political aspects,
  • Indian Polity and Economy will test the candidate’s knowledge about the country’s political system, Panchayati Raj, community development, and planning in India and Bihar, etc.
BPSC Mains Syllabus
BPSC syllabus for Mains focuses majorly on the General Studies knowledge of the candidates. There will be 5 papers in the Mains exam consisting of General Hindi, Essay, General Studies 1, General Studies 2, and one Optional paper. The candidates can select one paper from a list of 34 papers from the BPSC Mains syllabus. All the papers except those of General Hindi & Optional Paper will carry 300 marks each and the Hindi & Optional paper will carry 100 marks. It is extremely important for the candidates to score the required cutoff marks to be able to stand a chance in the competition.

BPSC Mains Syllabus for Hindi
As per the BPSC Syllabus, the Hindi paper in the Mains exam shall be descriptive and qualifying in nature. The syllabus for Hindi will be based on the Bihar School Education Board (BSEB) level. You can study any good book to prepare for this subject. The details of the key topics in the BPSC Mains syllabus are given below.
  • निबंध (Essay): An essay will have to be written in Hindi on any one topic.
  • व्याकरण (Grammar): अलंकार, पर्यायवाची, विलोम, तत्सम एवं तदभव, वर्तनी, लिंग, कारक, आदि|
  • वाक्य विन्यास (Syntax)
  • संक्षेपण (Summarisation)
BPSC Mains Syllabus for GS Paper 1
BPSC Mains Syllabus for GS and optional paper is a bit detailed. Marks scored in this second stage will determine candidates' place in the final merit list. The BPSC Syllabus for GS Paper 1 (Mains) extends what you studied for the Prelims. However, for the Mains syllabus, you must answer the questions descriptively.
  • Modern History of India and Indian Culture- This will have questions based on India's history with special reference to Bihar from the 19th century onwards.
  • Modern History of Bihar will have questions on the introduction and expansion of Western and technical education.
  • Bihar’s role in the freedom struggle of India
  • Santhal Uprising, Revolt of 1857 in Bihar, Birsa movement, Champaran Satyagrah, Quit India Movement, 1942
  • Knowledge of Mauryan and Pal art features
  • Patna Kalam Painting
  • Questions based on Gandhi, Tagore and Nehru
  • Statistical analysis, graphs and diagrams will consist of exercises to test the candidate’s ability to draw common-sense conclusions from statistical, graphical or diagrammatic information and to point out deficiencies, limitations or inconsistencies therein.
BPSC Mains GS Paper 2 Syllabus
BPSC Syllabus for GS Paper 2 Mains, will have questions that test your knowledge about Indian Polity, and the main emphasis is given to Bihar state. Aspirants need to cover all the key topics to outperform in the exam. Include all the topics in the preparation strategy to score good marks. The BPSC Mains Syllabus for GS Paper 2 is as follows.
  • Indian Political system, including the political system in Bihar.
  • Indian Economy
  • Planning in India
  • Geography of India, such as the physical, economic, and social geography of India and Bihar.
  • The role and impact of science and technology in the development of India and Bihar
List of Optional Subjects in BPSC Syllabus
The BPSC Syllabus for Mains is composed of two General Studies papers and one paper which is based on any one optional subject as chosen by the candidate. The candidates can select this one subject out of a choice of 34 subjects for the BPSC Mains exam. Here is the list of all the subjects that the candidates can choose from in the BPSC Mains Syllabus. Candidates can also read and know about which optional is good for BPSC Exam 2022-23.It will help in taking a fair decision.
  • English Language and Literature
  • Urdu Language and Literature
  • Hindi Language and Literature
  • Persian Language and Literature
  • Arabic Language and Literature
  • Pali Language and Literature
  • Maithili Language and Literature
  • Bangla Language and Literature
  • Sanskrit Language and Literature
  • Chemistry
  • Sociology
  • Physics
  • Agriculture
  • Statistics
  • Botany
  • Zoology
  • Philosophy
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Psychology
  • Public Administration
  • Labour and Social Welfare
  • Management
  • Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • History
  • Law
  • Civil Engineering
  • Economics
  • Commerce and Accountancy
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  • Anthropology
The final stage of the BPSC selection process is the Interview. The candidates who will clear the BPSC Mains exam shall only be eligible to appear for the interview. A panel of eminent people will interview the candidates. There is no set BPSC syllabus for this stage and the interview just aims to test the candidates’ mental and analytical qualities.