Acharya Kripalani

Acharya Kripalani


  • Prime Minister paid tributes to Acharya Kriplani on his birth anniversary (11 November).


  • He was born on November 11, 1888 in Sindh (Hyderabad).
  • His original name was Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani, but he was known as Acharya Kripalani. He was a freedom fighter, Indian politician and educationist.


  • From 1912 to 1927, he taught at various places before fully joining the freedom movement.
  • Around the year 1922, when he was teaching at the Gujarat Vidyapeeth established by Mahatma Gandhi, he received the nickname ‘Acharya’.


  • Kripalani was involved in environmental protection and rescue activities in the 1970s along with Vinoba Bhave.

Freedom fighter:

  • He was a part of the Non-Cooperation Movement (1920–22) and the Civil Disobedience Movements (started in 1930) and the Quit India Movement (1942).
  • He was the President of the Indian National Congress (INC) at the time of independence. He contributed to the Interim Government of India (1946–1947) and the Constituent Assembly of India.

Political life:

  • Leaving the Congress after independence, he became one of the founders of the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party (KMPP).
  • He was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1952, 1957, 1963 and 1967 as a member of the Praja Socialist Party.
  • He introduced the first no-confidence motion in the Lok Sabha in 1963, immediately after the Indo-China war (1962).
  • In 1963, Sucheta Kriplani, a Congress leader, became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, the country’s first woman Chief Minister, while her husband Acharya Kriplani remained an opponent of the Congress.
  • He was critical of Nehru’s policies and Indira Gandhi’s rule. He was arrested during the Emergency (1975).
  • His autobiography ‘My Times’ was published posthumously in the year 2004.
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