Amar Jawan Jyoti merged with National War Memorial

Amar Jawan Jyoti merged with National War Memorial



  • In a historic move, the National War Memorial Flame of Amar Jawan Jyoti has been merged with the National War Memorial Flame.

Amar Jawan Jyoti:

  • It was established in the year 1972 to mark India’s victory over Pakistan in the 1971 war, which resulted in the creation of Bangladesh.
  • It was inaugurated in the year 1972 on Republic Day by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi after India defeated Pakistan in December 1971.
  • The eternal flame at the Amar Jawan Jyoti below the India Gate in central Delhi was an iconic symbol of the nation’s tribute to the soldiers who died for the country in various wars and conflicts since independence.
  • The India Gate Memorial was built by the British Government in the memory of the soldiers of the British Indian Army who lost their lives between the years 1914-1921.

Reasons for Moving:

  • The names inscribed on the India Gate are only of a few martyrs who fought for the British in the First World War and the Anglo-Afghan War and thus are a symbol of our colonial past.
  • The names of all Indian martyrs of all wars including the wars before and after 1971 are inscribed in the National War Memorial.

National War Memorial:

  • It was inaugurated in the year 2019, it is located at a distance of about 400 meters from India Gate.

 It mainly consists of four concentric circles, namely:

  • ‘Amar Chakra’ or the wheel of immortality,
  • ‘Veerta Chakra’ or wheel of gallantry,
  • ‘Tyag chakra’ or cycle of sacrifice and
  • ‘Rakshak Chakra’ or the circle of protection.


  • The National War Memorial was first proposed in the 1960s.
  • This memorial is dedicated to the soldiers who fought for the defense of the country during the Indo-China war in 1962, Indo-Pak wars in 1947, 1965 and 1971, and Indian peacekeeping operations in Sri Lanka and Kargil conflict in 1999. He had sacrificed his life for it.
  • The National War Memorial also commemorates the soldiers who made the supreme sacrifice and participated in UN Peacekeeping Missions, Humanitarian Assistance Disaster Relief (HADR) Operations, Counter-Terrorism Operations and Low Intensity Conflict Operations (LICO).

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