Arunachal Pradesh: 36th Foundation Day – Today Current Affairs
- Recently, the Prime Minister greeted the people of Arunachal Pradesh on its 36th Foundation Day.
- Arunachal Pradesh became the 24th state of the Indian Union on February 20, 1987, through the 55th amendment to the Indian Constitution (the year 1986).
Today Current Affairs
About Arunachal Pradesh:
Historical background: The Hindu Analysis
- The state was known as the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA) until 1972 during the British colonial rule.
- On January 20, 1972, it became a union territory and was named Arunachal Pradesh. It was granted statehood by the Arunachal Pradesh State Act, 1986.
Geographical Location: The Hindu Analysis
- Arunachal Pradesh was formed in the year 1987 as a full-fledged state separate from Assam.
- Arunachal Pradesh is bordered by Bhutan to the west and the Tibetan region of China to its north.
- Nagaland and Myanmar are in its south-eastern part, while Assam lies in the south-western part.
Population: The Hindu Analysis
- Itanagar is the capital of Arunachal Pradesh.
- The total literacy rate of the state (as per 2011 census) is 65.38%, in which male literacy rate is 72.55% and female literacy rate is 57.70%.
- The state’s sex ratio is 938 females per 1000 males (National Sex Ratio: 943).
- The state is home to 26 major tribes, of which there are more than 100 sub-tribes, many of which are unidentified tribes. About 65% of the population of this state is tribal.
Business: The Hindu Analysis
- Majority of the population of this state is dependent on agriculture (mainly shifting cultivation) for their livelihood.
- Cultivation of other cash crops such as potatoes etc.
- Horticulture crops like pineapple, apple, orange etc. are also cultivated.
Biodiversity: The Hindu Analysis
- State Animal: Mithun (also known as Gayal).
- State Bird:
- Dihang Dibang Biosphere Reserve is also located in this state.
Protected Areas: Today Current Affairs
- Namdapha National Park
- Mouling National Park
- Sesa Orchid Sanctuary
- Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary
- Pucca Tiger Reserve
Tribals of Arunachal: The Hindu Analysis
- Important tribal groups of Arunachal Pradesh include Monpa, Nishi, Apatani, Nokte and Sherdukpen.
- Monpa: considered to be the only nomadic tribe in the Northeast, living in West Kameng and Tawang districts, they are predominantly Buddhists who follow the Mahayana sect.
- Apatani: They follow pre-Aryan beliefs, as is evident from their worship of trees, rocks and plants etc. They mainly cultivate bamboo.
- Nocte: They live in Tirap district of Arunachal Pradesh and follow Theravada Buddhism and Animism.
- Sherdukpen: A small tribal group, this group is one of the most progressive tribes of Arunachal Pradesh. These people do agriculture, fish farming and animal husbandry. Although they have adopted Buddhism, most of their practices are still pre-Buddhism and more animistic.
- Nishi: This is the most populous tribe of Arunachal Pradesh, these people mainly practice shifting cultivation and produce rice, bajra, cucumber, etc.