Bodoland Territorial Region
- A tripartite agreement was struck by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), the Assam government, and the Bodo groups to redraw, rename, and amend the power-sharing agreement in the Bodoland Territorial Area District (BTAD) in Assam.
- People who have been displaced in the Bodoland Territorial Region (BTR) since 1996 due to ethnic and communal unrest will be permitted to return to their homes.
- In 1967-68, the political party Plains Tribal Council of Assam organised the first organised demand for a Bodo state.
- When the Assam Movement culminated in the Assam Accord in 1985, many Bodos perceived it as primarily focusing on the Assamese-speaking community’s interests.
- The All Bodo Students Union (ABSU), led by Upendra Nath Brahma, resurrected the campaign for Bodo statehood in 1987.
- Since 1987, Bodo parties have battled, often violently, for the creation of a breakaway state dubbed Bodoland as a defined homeland for the population in Assam.
- By signing the Bodo Peace Accord, the Prime Minister has started the process of ending the insurgency in the Northeast.
Bodoland Territorial Council:
- The Constitution’s Sixth Schedule designates it as an autonomous body.
- There had previously been two accords, the second of which resulted in the foundation of BTC.
- The ABSU-led movement began in 1987 and concluded in the Bodo Accord of 1993, which established the Bodoland Autonomous Council (BAC).
- The terrorist group Bodo Liberation Tiger Force (BLTF), the Centre, and the state signed the second Bodo Accord in 2003.
Bodoland Territorial Region (BTR) Accord:
- In New Delhi in 2020, nine Bodo groups reached an agreement with the government of India and the government of Assam to bring peace to the Bodoland Territorial Areas District.
- With the four factions of the National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB), the All Bodo Students Union (ABSU), and the United Bodo Peoples’ Organisation, the Centre signed the Bodo Accord, the third peace accord with Bodo rebel organisations (UBPO).
- Bodoland Territorial Areas District (BTAD), which includes four districts, was renamed Bodoland Territorial Region as part of the agreement (BTR).
- The BTAD includes the districts of Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baksa, and Udalguri, which together account for 11% of Assam’s land area and 10% of its population.
- The agreement also included the redrawing of BTR boundaries, a grant of 5000 crore, the rehabilitation of NDFB rebels, and the designation of Bodo as an associate official language of the state.
Significance of Bodoland Territorial Region (BTR) Accord:
- The Bodoland Territorial Council, whose sphere of influence had been renamed the Bodoland Territorial Region, was granted expanded powers under the agreement.
- It also left the possibility of changing the Bodo region’s borders open.
- It was hoped that it would put an end to the decades-long violent demand for a separate Bodoland state and bring peace to Bodo-dominated territories.
- The government plans to establish a Bodo-Kachari Welfare Council to focus development efforts outside of the BTAD.
Source: The Hindu
Syllabus: Prelims; GS 2 (Vulnerable section)