Bovine Mastitis

Bovine Mastitis


  • Recently, the National Innovation Foundation (NIF) has developed a poly-herbal medicine called Mastirak Gel to treat Mastitis in Dairy Cattle.
  • NIF is an autonomous institute of the Department of science and Technology which renovates indigenous technologies based on farmer’s wisdom.

 Significance of Mastirak Gel:

  • It can improve the udder (Milk producing part) 
  • It reduces inflammation which is detrimental to the udder.
  • It also reduces the use of antibiotics and helps in the cost-effective management of the disease.
  • Treatment of infected animals with Antibiotics poses a public health hazard.


  • Mastitis, or inflammation of the mammary gland, is the most common and the most expensive disease of dairy cattle throughout most of the world.
  • Several types of bacteria cause distinctly different mastitis infections.
  • Antibiotic infusions into the udder nearly always cure the clinical disease but may not eliminate the bacterial infection.


  • Although stress and physical injuries may cause inflammation of the gland, infection by invading bacteria or other microorganisms (fungi, yeasts and possibly viruses) is the primary cause of mastitis.
  • Infections begin when microorganisms penetrate the teat canal and multiply in the mammary gland.


  • New infections are prevented by focusing management efforts on reducing the presence of pathogens on the teat end.
  • The single most important management practice to prevent transmission of new infections is the use of an effective germicide as a post milking teat dip.


  • It can affect farm productivity due to fall in milk quality, thus impacting income-generating activities.
  • It reduces milk yields, increases the cost of production and makes milk less valuable for liquid consumption and manufacture.

yojna ias daily current affairs 28 Oct 2021

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