Bullock Cart Race: Maharashtra

Bullock Cart Race: Maharashtra


Bullock Cart Race: Maharashtra- Today Current Affairs

  • Recently, the Supreme Court has allowed Maharashtra to organize traditional bullock cart races banned from the year 2017.
  • The decision was based on amendments to the ‘Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960’ enacted by the state in line with Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960

  • The legislative objective of this act is to prevent ‘unnecessary punishment or tendencies towards animal abuse’.
  • Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) was established in the year 1962 under Section 4 of the Act.
  • In this act there is a provision for punishment for unnecessary cruelty and harassment of animals. This act defines different types of animals and animals.


  • In 2014, the Supreme Court banned traditional sports such as ‘jallikattu’, bullock races and bullock cart races across the country, observing that they were dangerous and violated the provisions of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960.
  • Subsequently, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu amended the law to continue the tradition in a regulated manner, which have been challenged and pending before the Supreme Court since 2018.
  • In February 2018, the Supreme Court referred petitions related to ‘jallikattu’ to a five-judge constitution bench to decide whether the sport of taming of bulls comes under cultural rights or criminalizes cruelty to animals.

Court Opinion: Today Current Affairs

  • The Court found that there was no reason to reject it in the State when similar games were being played elsewhere across the country.
  • If it is a traditional game and is going on all over the country except Maharashtra, then it is not in accordance with common sense.

Bullock Cart Race:

  • Apart from being a traditional sporting event, the rural economy is also linked to bullock cart races.
  • Thousands of food stall vendors earn their livelihood through running.

Other Animal Games in India: The Hindu Analysis

  • Jallikattu: Jallikattu also known as ‘Eruthazhuvuthal’ is a traditional game of Tamil Nadu, organized during Pongal to mark the harvest of crops. In which oxen are used to fight humans.
  • Kambala: Kambala is a traditional buffalo race in paddy fields filled with mud and mud, usually held in coastal Karnataka (Udupi and Dakshina Kannada) from November to March.
  • Cock-fight: Cock-fighting or cockfighting is not only prevalent in India. This is a sport that is present all over the world.  Cock fighting in India is not just a sport but it is related to gambling.
  • Camel Race: This race is related to camels, in which people ride and participate in races.
    • It is also a part of many fairs and festivals in Rajasthan like Pushkar Fair, Bikaner Camel Festival etc.
  • Dog Fight: Dog fighting is a type of blood sport in which two game dogs are pitted against each other in a ring or pit to entertain the audience.
    • Even though it is illegal under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act and was banned by the Supreme Court last year, these fights are conducted secretly and illegally.
  • Bulbul Fight: It is held during the Bihu (harvest festival) at the Hayagriva Madhava Temple at Hajo near Guwahati in the state of Assam.
    • Often bubbles are fed drugs to make them aggressive.
  • Horse Racing: It is a demonstration sport practiced for over 200 years in Greece, Babylon, Syria and Egypt and India since ancient times, in which jockeys ride horses over a distance.
    • In 1996, the Supreme Court ruled that betting on horse racing is a game of skill and not luck and thus does not involve illegal gambling. Hence horse racing is legal in the country.

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