C. Rajagopalachari

C. Rajagopalachari


C. Rajagopalachari- Today Current Affairs

  • Recently ‘C. Rajagopalachari’s 143rd birth anniversary was celebrated.
  • He is remembered for his contribution to the freedom struggle and for his administrative and intellectual skills.

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari

  • Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, popularly known as Rajaji, was born on December 10, 1878.
  • He studied law from Presidency College in Madras and started his practice in ‘Salem’ in the year 1900.
  • In the year 1916, he formed the ‘Tamil Scientific Terms Society’, an organization that translated scientific terms of chemistry, physics, mathematics, astronomy and biology into simple Tamil words.
  • He became the chairman of the Municipality of Salem in the year 1917 and served there for two years.
  • In the year 1955, he was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award.
  • He died on December 25, 1972.

Political life: The Hindu Analysis

 Before Independence:

  • He joined the Indian National Congress and worked there as a legal advisor.
  • In the year 1917, he defended Indian independence activist- P. Varadrajulu Naidu against the charges of sedition.
  • He was elected as the first Prime Minister of Madras Presidency in the year 1937.
  • In the year 1939, Rajagopalachari took a step to eliminate untouchability and caste prejudice and issued the Madras Temple Entry Authority and Compensation Act.
  • After the Madras Temple Entry Authority, Dalits were allowed to enter the temples.
  • He was appointed as the Governor of West Bengal at the time of partition.
  • In the year 1947, Rajagopalachari, the last British Viceroy and the first Governor General of independent India, was temporarily elected to hold office during the absence of Lord Mountbatten.
  • That’s why he was the last Governor General of India.

After Independence:

  • Rajagopalachari took over as the Chief Minister of Madras in April 1952.
  • During his tenure as the Chief Minister of Madras, he actively participated in reforming the education system and bringing changes in the society.
  • He also made Hindi a compulsory language in Tamil schools.
  • His move led to protests against him, after which Rajagopalachari resigned from the post of Chief Minister.
  • He was a social conservative but supported a free market economy.
  • He wanted to bring back the Varna system in the society.
  • He believed in the importance of religion for the society.
  • Rajagopalachari was made the Home Minister after the death of Sardar Patel in the year 1950.
  • In the year 1959, he resigned from the Indian National Congress and founded the Swatantra Party.

Role in Freedom Struggle: Today Current Affairs

  • Non-cooperation Movement: He met Mahatma Gandhi for the first time in the year 1919 in Madras (now Chennai) and participated in Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement.
  • In the year 1920, he was also jailed for two years in Vellore.
  • After his release from prison, he opened his ashram to promote Gandhi’s principles of Hindu-Muslim harmony and the abolition of untouchability.
  • He was also a supporter of Khadi.
  • Vaikom Satyagraha: He was also involved in the Vaikom Satyagraha Movement against untouchability.
  • Dandi March: In 1930, when Gandhi led the Dandi March to break the salt law, Rajagopalachari took out a march in Vedaranyam in support of the Madras Presidency Dandi March.
  • He also became the editor of Gandhi’s newspaper Young India.
  • Quit India Movement: During the Quit India Movement, Rajagopalachari opposed Gandhi.
  • He was of the view that starting another Satyagraha was not a good decision as the British were about to leave the country at last.

Literary Contribution:

  • This book won the Sahitya Akademi Award in Tamil language in 1958.
  • He wrote the Tamil translation of the Ramayana, which was later published as Chakravarthy Thirumagan.

Here, we mention all important information about Chakravarti Rajagopalachari. The Hindu Analysis.

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