Chilka Lake- Today Current Affairs
- According to the Waterfowl Status Survey-2022 conducted in Chilka Lake, about 11 lakh waterfowl and other species dependent on the wetland came towards this lake.
- Chilka Lake is the largest brackish water lake located in the Indian subcontinent and the largest place for the arrival of birds during the winter season.
About Chilka Lake: The Hindu Analysis
- Chilka is the largest lagoon in Asia and the second largest in the world.
- It is home to many endangered species of plants and animals, besides being the largest attraction of migratory birds in the Indian subcontinent during winters.
- In the year 1981, Chilka Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.
- The major attractions in Chilka are the Irrawaddy Dolphins which are often sighted near the Satapada Island.
- The lagoon area covers about 16 sq.km. The Nalbana Island (Forest of Reedus) spread in the area was declared a bird sanctuary in the year 1987.
- Kalijai Temple- This temple is situated on an island in Chilka Lake.
- Chilka Lake hosts birds migrating thousands of miles from the Caspian Sea, Lake Baikal, Aral Sea, remote parts of Russia, the Kyrgyz steppes of Mongolia, Central and Southeast Asia, Ladakh and the Himalayas.
- The vast clay plains and abundant fish reserves here are suitable for birds.
Migratory Species in India: The Hindu Analysis
- India is the temporary abode of many migratory animals and birds.
- These include Amur Falcons, Bar-Headed Geese, Black-Necked Cranes, Marine Turtles, Dugongs, and Humpback Whales etc. Are included.
- India has also launched a National Action Plan for the Conservation of Migratory Species under the Central Asian Flyway as India is a party to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS).