China Tibet Relation

China Tibet Relation

China Tibet Relation


Xi Jinping visits Tibet border region, first by Chinese leader in years


  1. Places visited by China’s President Xi Jinping
      1. Nyingchi, a town near the border with India’s Arunachal Pradesh to inspect the newly built Sichuan-Tibet railway
      2. Nyang river bridge to inspect the Yarlung Zangbo river, or Brahmaputra river; the Nyang is its second largest tributary
      3. Lhasa and the Potala Palace


  1. China started operating the first bullet train line in Tibet, linking Lhasa to Nyingchi near the border with Arunachal Pradesh.
  2. The 435-km line has a designed speed of 160 kilometres per hour and connects  the capital city of the Tibet Autonomous Region to the border city of Nyingchi with a travel time of three and a half hours.


  1. Development in Tibet region
  2. Concerns for Tibet as they view this step as complete take over through economic development
  3. Concern for India as it is very close to Indian border

One China policy

  1. In 1914, the Tibetan representatives, along with the Chinese signed the Shimla convention with British India that delineated boundaries.
  2. However, after China’s full accession of Tibet in 1950, that China repudiated the convention and the McMahon line that divided the two countries.
  3. In 1954, India signed an agreement with China, agreeing to recognize Tibet as “Tibet region of China”

India’s Stand

  1. In 1959, the Dalai Lama fled to India, PM Nehru gave him and Tibetan refugees shelter, and they set up the Tibetan government in exile, which continues to hold elections.
  2. The official Indian policy is that the Dalai Lama is a spiritual leader, and the Tibetan community in India, with more than a lakh exiles, is not allowed to undertake any political activity.

Download Yojna IAS Daily Current Affairs of 23rd July 2021

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