China Tibet Relation
Xi Jinping visits Tibet border region, first by Chinese leader in years
- Places visited by China’s President Xi Jinping
- Nyingchi, a town near the border with India’s Arunachal Pradesh to inspect the newly built Sichuan-Tibet railway
- Nyang river bridge to inspect the Yarlung Zangbo river, or Brahmaputra river; the Nyang is its second largest tributary
- Lhasa and the Potala Palace
- China started operating the first bullet train line in Tibet, linking Lhasa to Nyingchi near the border with Arunachal Pradesh.
- The 435-km line has a designed speed of 160 kilometres per hour and connects the capital city of the Tibet Autonomous Region to the border city of Nyingchi with a travel time of three and a half hours.
- Development in Tibet region
- Concerns for Tibet as they view this step as complete take over through economic development
- Concern for India as it is very close to Indian border
One China policy
- In 1914, the Tibetan representatives, along with the Chinese signed the Shimla convention with British India that delineated boundaries.
- However, after China’s full accession of Tibet in 1950, that China repudiated the convention and the McMahon line that divided the two countries.
- In 1954, India signed an agreement with China, agreeing to recognize Tibet as “Tibet region of China”
- In 1959, the Dalai Lama fled to India, PM Nehru gave him and Tibetan refugees shelter, and they set up the Tibetan government in exile, which continues to hold elections.
- The official Indian policy is that the Dalai Lama is a spiritual leader, and the Tibetan community in India, with more than a lakh exiles, is not allowed to undertake any political activity.