Foreign Ministers of India and China meeting during the G20 – Today Current Affairs
- During the G20 Foreign Ministers’ meeting in Indonesia’s ‘Bali’ city, a meeting was held between the Foreign Ministers and State Counselors of India and China separately.
- In this meeting, both sides of India and China discussed to resolve the border standoff that started in April 2020.
- The meeting also discussed the issue of Indian Prime Minister wishing the Dalai Lama a happy birthday and the Enforcement Directorate (ED) searching the offices of Chinese company Vivo in India.
Today Current Affairs
Important points of the meeting:
- Three reciprocal aspects: India-China relations are best expressed by three reciprocal aspects:
- Mutual respect
- Mutual sensitivity
- Mutual interests
India-China talks : The Hindu Analysis
- Speedy resolution: EAM called for early resolution of all remaining issues related to the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in Eastern Ladakh.
- Complete withdrawal: The External Affairs Minister reiterated the need to maintain the pace of ‘complete disengagement’ from all remaining areas to restore peace and tranquility in the border areas.
- Regular contacts at military and diplomatic levels: The foreign ministers of both countries agreed that they should continue regular contact in military and diplomatic meetings and meeting of senior commanders at the ‘Chushul Moldo border point’. Should wait for the next 16th round. The Hindu Analysis
- No mention of LAC by China: The Chinese statement (readout) made no mention of the ‘LAC crisis’, instead calling on both sides to “strengthen coordination and cooperation and to jointly strengthen more democratic international relations and a fair international relationship”. Emphasized the comments made to promote the system.
- Both sides maintained communication: China said that the two sides have so far “maintained communication and exchanges” and “effectively managed differences”.
- Assured Support: China has assured support for India’s upcoming G20 and SCO presidency.
Line of Actual Control : The Hindu Analysis
- The ‘Line of Actual Control (LAC)’ is the demarcation, which separates the Indian controlled area from the Chinese controlled area.
- LAC is different from the ‘Line of Control’ (LoC) with Pakistan. The LoC derives from the 1948 ceasefire line negotiated by the United Nations (UN) after the Kashmir War.
- It was designated as LoC in 1972 after the Simla Agreement between India-Pakistan, the two countries. This line is depicted on a map signed by the ‘Director Generals of Military Operations’ (DGMO) of both the armies and this legal agreement has international approval.
- In contrast, ‘Line of Actual Control’ (LAC) is only a concept. This line is not agreed upon by both India and China, nor is it depicted on the map, nor is it demarcated on the ground.
- India considers the ‘Line of Actual Control’ to be 3,488 km long, while the Chinese consider it to be only around 2,000 km.
G-20 Group : The Hindu Analysis
- It is an informal grouping of 19 countries and the European Union (EU), established in 1999 with representatives from the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
- G-20 member countries include Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, European Union, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Republic of Korea, Turkey, and United Kingdom and includes the United States.
- The G-20 group includes the world’s major advanced and emerging economies, which account for about two-thirds of the world’s population. The Hindu Analysis
- The G20 has no permanent headquarters and the Secretariat rotates each year between the countries that host or preside over the group.
- The members are divided into five groups (India is in Group 2) along with Russia, South Africa and Turkey.
- The G-20 agenda, which still relies heavily on the guidance of finance ministers and central governors, is finalized through a prescribed system of ‘sherpas’, who are special envoys of G-20 leaders.
- Presently the Minister of Commerce and Industry is the current “G20 Sherpa” of India.
- Another feature of the G-20 is the ‘troika’ meetings, which include the countries chairing the G-20 in the previous year, the current year and the next year. Currently the troika includes Italy, Indonesia and India.
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