Gamma Radiation Processing PlantsContext:
- In the country, 26 Gamma Radiation Processing Plants are in operation for the irradiation of diverse products in the commercial, semi-government, and government sectors.
- According to the government, private companies have already been given access to gamma irradiation technology for food preservation.
Gamma Radiation Processing Plants
- Sterilization of healthcare items, hygienization of spices, herbal products, and cosmetics, and disinfestation of grains, cereals, and pulses are all common uses for radiation processing.
- It is also used to keep bulbs, tubers, and rhizomes from sprouting. The radiation source for this experiment is cobalt-60.
- As opposed to chemical processes, the technique does not cause any radioactivity in food and does not leave any dangerous or toxic radioactive residues on meals.
- Because radiation processing is a cold process, unlike heat, it may be used on agricultural products without affecting their freshness.
- Radiation does not impact the nutritional value, flavour, texture, or appearance of food in any way.
- Cobalt-60 radiation does not cause radioactivity in food and does not leave any damaging or dangerous radioactive residues on foods, like chemical fumigants do.
- It is a very effective procedure due to the highly penetrating quality of the radiation energy.
- Hygiene and shelf-life can be improved by treating pre-packaged foods.
- The radiation processing plants are environmentally friendly and safe for workers and patrons.
THE RADIATION PROCESSING PURPOSE
- Food processing requires the application of short wave radiation in a controlled manner.
- The electromagnetic spectrum includes radio waves, microwaves, and other long-wavelength radiations.
- Infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light are all types of light.
- Gamma rays, accelerated electrons, and X-rays are examples of ionising radiations.
- Food processing with radiation can achieve a variety of goals in various foods.
The following are some of the most significant advantages of food processing using radiation:
- Disinfestation of dry storage goods by insects
- To circumvent quarantine barriers in fruits and vegetables, Phyto sanitation is used.
- Inhibition of sprouting in tubers, bulbs, and rhizomes
- a delay fruit ripening and senescence
- an increase in shelf-life by eliminating spoiling bacteria
- and the elimination of diseases and parasites.