Global Hunger Index 2021

Global Hunger Index 2021


  • Global Hunger Index 2021, which is prepared jointly by Irish aid agency called ‘Concern Worldwide’ and German organisation called ‘Welt Hunger Hilfe’, was released on October 14, 2021.
  • The Index termed the hunger level in India as alarming.

Where India has been placed?

  • In the index, India has been placed to 101stposition out of 116 countries.
  • In 2020, India’s was positioned at 94th.
  • In 2021 edition, India has been placed behind its neighbour countries Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal.
  • GHI score of India has also decreased. It was 38.8 in 2000 but now has been decreased to the range of 28.8 – 27.5 between 2012 and 2021.
  • Share of wasting among children increased from 17.1 per cent during 1998-2002 to 17.3 per cent during 2016-2020.

 World scenario

  • In the index, eighteen countries such as China, Brazil and Kuwait, shared the top rank. They got the GHI score of less than five.

 How GHI Score is calculated?

  • GHI score is calculated on the basis of four indicators namely,
  • Undernourishment
  • Child wasting (share of children aged under five who are wasted i.e., those having low weight for their height.
  • Child stunting (children aged under five who are having low height for their age.
  • Child mortality (mortality rate of children aged under five).

 Improvement in India

  • India has improved with respect to indicators like under-5 mortality rate, prevalence of undernourishment and prevalence of stunting among children.

 Global Hunger Index (GHI)

  • GHI is a tool to measure and track hunger across the world, by region as well as by country.
  • It is calculated annually and its results are published in a report issued in the month of October each year.

yojna ias daily current affairs 15 Oct 2021

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