Global Methane Pledge

Global Methane Pledge


  • The Global Methane Pledge was launched on November 2, 2021 at the ongoing UN COP26 climate conference in Glasgow.


  • As of now, more than 90 countries have signed this pledge.
  • Global Methane Pledge is an effort led by the United States and the European Union, jointly.
  • This pledge is significant because Methane is the second-most abundant greenhouse gas present in the atmosphere.

 About Global Methane Pledge

  • The Global Methane Pledge was first announced in September 2021 by the US and EU. It is an agreement to reduce global methane emissions.
  • This pledge was announced with the aim of reducing methane emissions by 30 per cent by the year 2030, as compared to 2020 levels.

 How Methane contributes to global temperature?

  • As per Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report, methane accounts for around half of the 1.0 degrees Celsius net increase in global average temperature as compared to pre-industrial era. As per UN, 25 percent of the warming is because of methane.

 About methane

  • Methane is a greenhouse gas and a component of natural gas. Its presence in the atmosphere increases the temperature on Earth. Methane comes from human as well as natural sources.
  • Human sources of methane comprise of oil & natural gas systems, landfills, coal mining, agricultural activities, wastewater treatment, and industrial processes.
  • Human sources accounts for 60 percent of the global methane emissions, among which Oil & gas sectors are the largest contributor.
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