Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2021

Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2021


  • Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2021 was released by “United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)” and “Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI)”.


  • This report examines the level and composition of multidimensional poverty across 109 countries covering 5.9 billion people.
  • It also takes into account several deprivations that people experience in their day to day lives such as poor health, inadequate education and poor standard of living.

World Scenario

  • As per report, 1.3 billion people are multidimensionally poor, of which around 644 million are children under age 18.
  • 85 percent of them live in Sub-Saharan Africa (556 million) or South Asia (532 million).
  • 67 percent of the poor live in middle-income countries.
  • 1 billion poor are exposed to solid cooking fuels, inadequate sanitation and substandard housing.
  • 788 million poor people live in household with at least one undernourished person.
  • 568 million poor people do not have improved drinking water within a 30-minute round trip walk.

Indian Scenario

  • Scheduled Tribe group in India, which accounts for 9.4 percent of the population, is poorest. Out of 129 million people, 65 million are living in multidimensional poverty.
  • Out of 283 million scheduled caste group people, 94 million are living in multidimensional poverty.
  • In all, five out of six multidimensionally poor people live in households whose head is from a Scheduled Tribe, a Scheduled Caste or Other Backward Class (OBCs).

About MPI

  • The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) was launched by the UNDP and the OPHI in the year 2010. MPI uses three dimensions and ten indicators including:

Education: Years of schooling and child enrolment (1/6 weightage each)

Health: Child mortality and nutrition (1/6 weightage each)

Standard of living: Electricity, drinking water, flooring, sanitation, cooking fuel and assets (1/18 weightage each).

yojna ias daily current affairs 12 Oct 2021

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