- Under the ‘Har Ghar, Nal Se Jal’ scheme, Rs 60,000 crore has been allocated in the Union Budget for the year 2022-23 to cover 3.8 crore families.
‘Har Ghar, Nal Se Jal’ scheme:
- Launch of the scheme: In the year 2019.
- Nodal Agency: Ministry of Jal Shakti
- Objective: To provide piped drinking water to every rural household by 2024.
- It is a component of the flagship program of the government ‘Jal Jeevan Mission’.
- The scheme is based on a unique model. In this, ‘water committees’ are formed involving the villagers, and these committees decide what the villagers will pay for the water they consume.
- The fee fixed by the water committees will not be uniform for all the residents of the village. Villagers who have bigger houses will pay more, while poor families or households with no earning member will be exempted from this fee.
- According to a NITI Aayog report released in 2018, 600 million Indians face acute water scarcity, and insufficient access to safe water leads to the death of nearly two lakh persons every year.
- By 2030, the country’s water demand is projected to double the available supply, which means that millions of people will face severe water shortages and the country’s GDP will lose about 6%.
- Studies also show that 84% of rural households do not have access to piped water and more than 70% of the country’s water is contaminated.
‘Jal Jeevan Mission’:
- Under the ‘Jal Jeevan Mission’, it is envisaged to supply 55 liters of water per person per day through Functional House Tap Connections (FHTC) to all rural households by the year 2024.
- This campaign is being implemented by the Ministry of Jal Shakti.
- It was launched in 2019.
- The ‘Jal Jeevan Mission’ is based on a community approach to water and includes comprehensive information, education and dialogue as a key component of the mission.
- The objective of this mission is to create a mass movement for water, through which it becomes everyone’s priority.
- 90:10 for the Himalayan and North Eastern States, by the Center and the States for this mission; in the ratio of 50:50 for other states; And for the Union Territories 100% financial assistance will be provided by the Central Government.