Hatti Community: Himachal Pradesh – Today Current Affairs
- Recently, the central government is considering giving tribal status to Hatti community of Tan-Giri area of Sirmaur district of Himachal Pradesh.
Today Current Affairs
- The Hatti are a close-knit community, which got its name from the tradition of selling domestic vegetables, crops, meat and wool, etc., in small markets called ‘Haats’ in towns.
- Men in the Hatti community usually wear a distinctive white cap during ceremonies.
- This community is divided from Sirmaur by two rivers named Giri and Tons.
- Tons divide it from Jaunsar Bawar region of Uttarakhand. The Hindu Analysis
- The Hatti living in the Trans-Giri region of Uttarakhand and Jaunsar Bawar were once part of the royal princely state of Sirmaur until the separation of the Jaunsar Bawar region in the year 1815.
- Trans-Giri and Jaunsar Bawar share similar traditions and inter-caste marriages are common.
- There is a rigid caste system among the Hatti communities – Bhat and Khash are upper castes, while Badhoi are lower castes. Interracial marriages are no longer traditionally strict.
- The Hatti community is governed by a traditional council called ‘Khumbali’, which looks after community affairs like the Khap Panchayats of Haryana. The Hindu Analysis
- Despite the establishment of Panchayati Raj system, the power of Khumbali has not been challenged.
- He has a good presence in about nine assembly seats in Sirmaur and Shimla regions.
- According to the 2011 Census of India, the total tribal population of Himachal Pradesh is 3,92,126, which is 5.7% of the total population of the state.
Tribal Status : The Hindu Analysis
- They have been demanding Scheduled Tribe status since 1967, when tribal status was given to people living in Jaunsar Bawar in Uttarakhand, which borders Sirmaur district.
Challenges : The Hindu Analysis
- The Hattis living in the Kamrau, Sangra and Shillai regions of Himachal Pradesh have been left behind in both education and employment due to topographical loss.
Status of Scheduled Tribes in India : The Hindu Analysis
- As per the 1931 Census, Scheduled Tribes are called “Backward Tribes” living in “Excluded” and “Partly Excluded” areas. The Government of India Act of 1935 called for the first time representatives of “backward tribes” in the provincial assemblies.
- The Constitution does not define the criteria for recognition of Scheduled Tribes, so the definition contained in the 1931 Census was used in the early years after independence.
- However, Article 366 (25) of the Constitution provides for the procedure for defining Scheduled Tribes only: “Scheduled Tribes” means such tribes or tribal communities or parts or groups of tribes or tribal communities as defined under Article 342 of the Constitution. The Hindu Analysis
- 342(1): The President shall, in relation to any State or Union territory, when, in relation to a State, by public notification after consultation with the Governor, tribes or tribal communities or parts of tribes or tribal communities in relation to that State or Union territory may designate groups within.
- There are more than 705 tribes which have been notified. The largest number of tribal communities are found in Odisha.
- The Fifth Schedule of the Constitution makes provisions for the administration and control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes in states other than Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
- The Sixth Schedule deals with the administration of tribal areas in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
Legal Provisions : The Hindu Analysis
- Protection of Civil Rights against Untouchability Act, 1955
- Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
- Provisions of Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
- The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006.
Related Initiatives : The Hindu Analysis
- Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED)
- Digital Transformation of Tribal Schools
- Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups
- Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana
Related Committees : The Hindu Analysis
- Shasha Committee (2013)
- Bhuria Commission (2002-2004)
- Lokur Committee (1965)