Himachal Pradesh Foundation Day

Himachal Pradesh Foundation Day


  • Recently the Prime Minister of India greeted the people of Himachal Pradesh on the State Foundation Day (January 25).

  • State Animal: Snow Leopard
  • State Bird: Western Tragopan
  • State Flower: Pink Rhododendron/ or Burans or Burunsh
  • Official language: Hindi and local dialects
  • Major rivers and dams: Sutlej (Bhakra Dam, Gobind Sagar Reservoir, Koldam Dam), Beas (Pandoh Dam, Maharana Pratap Sagar Reservoir), Ravi (Chamera Dam), Parvati
  • Major Lakes: Renuka, Rewalsar, Khajjiar, Dal, Beas Kund, Dasaur, Brighu, Parashar, Mani Mahesh, Chander Tal, Suraj Tal, Kareri, Sarolsar, Govind Sagar, Nako Lake
  • National Parks: Great Himalayan National Park, Pin Valley National Park, Khirganga, Inderkila and Simbalbara National Parks

Key points

 History during British rule:

  • After the proclamation of Queen Victoria in the year 1858, the hilly British territories came under the British Crown.
  • The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many areas during the British rule.
  • During the First World War (1914–18) almost all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort both in terms of soldiers and supplies.

History after independence:

  • The history of present Himachal Pradesh after attainment of independence is outlined below:
  • Himachal Pradesh came into existence on 15 April 1948 as the Chief Commissioner’s Province.
  • Himachal Pradesh became a ‘Part C’ state (under Part VII) with the implementation of the Constitution of India on 26 January 1950.
  • On July 1, 1954, Bilaspur was merged with Himachal Pradesh.
  • Himachal Pradesh became a Union Territory on November 1, 1956, following the recommendation of the States Reorganization Commission.
  • Kangra and most of the other hilly regions of Punjab were merged into Himachal Pradesh on November 1, 1966, although it remained a Union Territory even then.
  • The Himachal Pradesh State Act was passed by the Parliament on 18 December 1970 and the new state came into existence on 25 January 1971. Thus Himachal Pradesh emerged as the eighteenth state of the Indian Union.
  • Himachal Pradesh has come a long way since then. It has seen the tenure of several full-fledged governments which have led the state towards economic self-reliance.

State Reorganization Commission

  • Reorganizing more than 500 princely states into effective provincial units was one of the biggest tasks for India after gaining independence from British rule.
  • In this order S.   The Dhar Commission (1948) and the JVP Committee (1948) talked about the reorganization of states on the basis of geographical proximity, administrative convenience, financial self-reliance and development potential.
  • However, an unstable situation was created due to the sudden death of Potti Srirammalu after the hunger strike demanding Andhra state.
  • The Fazal Ali Commission was set up in 1953 and its recommendation for the reorganization of the state on the basis of linguistic criteria (including other criteria) was accepted.
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