Indian Pomegranate: Bangladesh

Indian Pomegranate: Bangladesh


  • Bangladesh has emerged as the top destination for export of Indian pomegranates over the years.
  • In the last financial year (2020-21), India exported 68,502.9 tonnes of fruits, of which 36,906.77 tonnes (more than 50%) went to Bangladesh.


  • Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is grown in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world.
  • It grows well in semi-arid conditions and can be grown up to an altitude of 500 m above mean sea level. It grows well in hot and dry winters, provided suitable irrigation facilities are available.
  • Pomegranate is grown mostly in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Gujarat, Pomegranate has emerged as a major export crop to the drought affected areas of the state.
  • Indian exports have stagnated at around 50,000-60,000 tonnes in the last few years, as the increased focus on fruit quality has hit growth potential.
  • While the European Union is a major market where fruits fetch premium prices and have higher quality control standards.
  • Non-availability of fruits ready for export has reduced the attractiveness of Indian exporters in the European markets over the years.

Reasons for export growth in Bangladesh:

  • Ease of transportation and relatively relaxed import norms have helped Indian growers to move their fruits to Bangladesh, even though the share of exports to European countries has declined.
  • This fruit can be exported to Bangladesh throughout the year and thus Europeans can send their produce even when the season ends.

Download yojna ias daily current affairs 29 january 2022

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