Jim Corbett Tiger reserve
Context:The Delhi High Court recently urged the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) to consider a petition to stop the alleged illegal construction of bridges and barriers within the Corbett Tiger Reserve’s tiger breeding habitat as represented. About:
National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA):
- It is a statutory body that reports to the Ministry of the Environment, Forests, and Climate Change.
- It was founded in 2005 as a result of the Tiger Task Force’s recommendations.
- It was established to strengthen tiger conservation under the enabling provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, as modified in 2006, and to carry out the authorities and tasks delegated to it.
Jim Corbett National Park:
- It was founded in 1936 as Hailey National Park to conserve the endangered Bengal tiger, and it is India’s oldest national park.
- It was named after hunter and naturalist Jim Corbett and is located in Uttarakhand’s Nainital and Pauri Garhwal districts.
- The park was the first to be included in Project Tiger’s efforts.
- The World Wide Fund For Nature’s Terai Arc Landscape Program includes thirteen protected areas, including Corbett National Park.
- The programme intends to safeguard three of the five terrestrial flagship species, the tiger, Asian elephant, and great one-horned rhinoceros, by rebuilding forest corridors that connect 13 protected areas in Nepal and India, allowing wildlife to migrate freely.
- This park is bordered by the Ramganga River. The Ramganga river forms the Patli Dun valley, which is surrounded by the park.