Kaziranga National Park (KNP)

Kaziranga National Park (KNP)


  • Kaziranga is the country’s first national park to deploy satellite phones, which are commonly used by law enforcement organizations.
  • The satellite phones will give forest employees an advantage over poachers, as well as during emergencies like floods.
  • Satellite phones are not allowed to be used by the general public in India. Satellite phones, unlike cell phones, can connect from anywhere because they are directly connected to satellites all over the world and do not rely on terrestrial mobile networks.

Kaziranga National Park (KNP):

  • The park, founded in 1908 on Mary Curzon’s advice, is situated on the outskirts of the Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspots of the Golaghat and Nagaon districts in Assam.
  • More than 2200 Indian one-horned rhinoceros live in Kaziranga National Park, which covers 430 square kilometers of elephant-grass meadows, swampy lagoons, and deep woods, accounting for around 2/3rd of the world’s total population.
  • The park was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.
  • Elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer all reproduce in the park, which is home to the legendary Greater one-horned rhinoceros.
  • The tiger population in Kaziranga has increased over time, which is why the park was designated as a Tiger Reserve in 2006.
  • BirdLife International has designated the park as an Important Bird Area for the conservation of avifaunal species. During the winter, birds such as the smaller white-fronted goose, ferruginous duck, Baer’s pochard duck, lesser adjutant, greater adjutant, black-necked stork, and Asian Openbill stork migrate from Central Asia.
  • The park has been successful in increasing the population of the endangered Greater one-horned rhinoceros.
  • The park’s huge expanse of tall elephant grass, marshland, and deep tropical moist broadleaf forests are undeniably attractive, but the presence of the Brahmaputra river gives it an intriguing appearance.
  • Because of the difference in height between the park’s eastern and western portions, alluvial inundated grasslands, alluvial savanna woods, tropical moist mixed deciduous forests, and tropical semi-evergreen forests can be found here.
  • Kumbhi, Indian gooseberry, cotton tree, and elephant apple are just a few of the park’s well-known trees.

Source: The Hindu
Syllabus: GS3 ( Environment); Prelims

Download Yojna IAS Daily Current Affairs of 13th August 2021

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