27 Dec 2021 Killer Robots
Posted at 12:22h in Daily current-affairs 0 Comments
Killer Robots- Today Current Affairs
- If you are interested in movies then you must have seen Superstar Rajinikanth’s film Robot. In this movie there is a robot named Chitti. This robot is created for a good purpose, but later it turns into a robot that understands only the language of destruction and destruction. What if this story of the film turns out to be true in real life?
- In fact, recently on the initiative of the UN, a meeting was held in Geneva to ban killer robots. The meeting of this grouping of 125 member countries named Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) did not yield any significant result. It is being told that due to opposition from some countries, no decision could be taken in this meeting. The Hindu Analysis.
- Killer robots, in other words, Lethal Autonomous Weapons System (LAWS) are machines or robots based on artificial intelligence that are capable of attacking themselves or killing someone without human orders.
- These are a kind of mechanized soldiers who, when they sense any kind of danger, fire themselves. Now you must be wondering how this machine can take decisions on its own, so for this let me tell you that due to the improvement in robotics, artificial intelligence (AI) and image recognition day by day, the accuracy of killer robots increases.
- Drones and killer robots are two different things. Where drones are operated remotely by humans, killer robots leave the decision of life and death entirely to its sensors, software and machine processes.
- More than 70 countries are demanding to ban it. In fact, leaving the ability to take the decision of life and death to the machines instead of humans is being considered a threat to humanity.
- In the event of any kind of war, despite modern technology, leaving the decision of human life to the machines is a disastrous decision. This is not only morally wrong but also a threat to humanity.
- How can a machine differentiate between a child and an adult, or between two types of women with a gun in their hand or a broom or a stick in their hands? How will a machine be able to determine who the attacking enemy soldier is or who is the wounded or surrendered soldier?
- However, the countries which are supporting it have their own logic. He says that in the event of any war or emergency, if killer robots are used instead of humans, then many human lives can be saved. In addition, robots can make decisions much faster than humans.
- These countries believe that these military robotic machines can be used well than humans in areas affected by chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear attacks.
- Also the use of these killer robots on landmines, counter-attacks and life-threatening missions can prove to be very useful.
- According to a recent report by research firm Markets and Markets, the share of artificial intelligence (AI) in the global military market was around Rs 4780 crore in 2020, which is expected to grow to Rs 8350 crore by 2025. The Hindu Analysis.
- Those countries who have invested heavily in this technology are opposing the ban on killer robots. Significantly, countries like America, Russia, China, France, Britain and Israel have so far invested millions of dollars in the competition for the development of such robots.
- Talking about India, some steps have been taken recently regarding Artificial Intelligence based weapons, but still the exact roadmap for the use of AI in the defence sector has not been prepared.
- India has formed two agencies – Defence Artificial Intelligence Council (DAIC) and Defence Artificial Intelligence Project Agency (DAIPA) in 2019 to make automatic weapons, but till now no significant result has been received from these two agencies.
- AI-based weapons have been prototyped in India so far, but killer robots that can be inducted into the army have not been made.
- Regarding such robots, experts say that it is very important to identify the dangers caused by killer robots and find ways to deal with them. If killer robots cannot be banned completely, then at least rules should be made to regulate it. The Hindu Analysis.