National Investigation Agency – Today Current Affairs
- Recently, the Union Home Ministry has handed over the investigation of the brutal murder of a pharmacist in Maharashtra’s Amravati to the National Investigation Agency (NIA).
Today Current Affairs
National Investigation Agency (NIA):
- NIA is India’s central counter-terrorism law enforcement agency, mandated to investigate all crimes affecting the sovereignty, security and integrity of India. It contains:
- Friendly relations with foreign states.
- Against nuclear and nuclear facilities.
- Smuggling of arms, drugs and counterfeit Indian currency and cross-border infiltration.
- Offenses under statutory laws enacted to give effect to international treaties, agreements, conventions and resolutions of the United Nations, its agencies and other international organizations.
- It was constituted under the National Investigation Agency (NIA) Act, 2008.
- The agency is empowered to investigate crimes related to terrorism in the states without special permission from the states under a written proclamation from the Ministry of Home Affairs.
- Headquarters: New Delhi
Evolution : The Hindu Analysis
- In the wake of the 26/11 Mumbai terrorist attack in November 2008, which shook the whole world, the then United Progressive Alliance government decided to set up the NIA.
- In December 2008, former Union Home Minister P Chidambaram introduced the National Investigation Agency Bill.
- The agency came into existence on 31st December, 2008 and started its operations in the year 2009. Till now NIA has registered 447 cases.
Jurisdiction : The Hindu Analysis
- The law under which the agency operates is applicable to Indian citizens throughout India and outside the country as well.
- Wherever the persons are posted in the service of the Government.
- Persons on ships and aircraft registered in India, wherever they are.
- Persons who commit a listed offense outside India against an Indian citizen or affecting the interest of India.
Listed Offenses : The Hindu Analysis
- A list of offenses has been made under the Act on which the NIA can investigate and prosecute.
The list includes : The Hindu Analysis
- Explosive Substances Act
- Atomic Energy Act
- Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act
- Anti-hijacking Act
- Suppression of unlawful acts against the protection of the Civil Aviation Act
- SAARC Convention (Eradication of Terrorism) Act.
- Elimination of unlawful acts against maritime navigation and the protection of fixed platforms on the Continental Shelf Act
- Weapons of Mass Destruction and their Supply System (Prohibition of Unlawful Activities) Act
- Any other relevant offense under the Indian Penal Code, Arms Act and Information Technology Act
- Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act
NIA investigation process:
State government : The Hindu Analysis
- Under Section 6 of the Act, the State Governments can refer the cases related to the listed offenses registered in any police station to the Central Government (Union Home Ministry) for NIA investigation.
- After assessing the details provided, the Center may direct the agency to handle the matter.
- State Governments are required to provide all kinds of assistance to the NIA.
Central government : The Hindu Analysis
- In India: When the Central Government is of the opinion that an inquiry into a scheduled offense committed is necessary under the Act, it may direct the agency to conduct the inquiry.
- Outside India: When the Central Government finds that the Act is applicable at any place outside India where a scheduled offense has been committed, it may also direct the NIA to register a case and investigate.
Recent Amendments to the NIA Act : The Hindu Analysis
- NIA was amended in 2019 with the objective of speedy investigation and prosecution of certain offenses including those committed outside India.
The main areas of revision:
Crimes outside India : The Hindu Analysis
- The original Act allowed the NIA to investigate and prosecute crimes in India.
- The amended Act empowered the agency to investigate crimes committed outside India under international treaties and domestic laws of other countries.
Extending the scope of the law:
The amendment has allowed the NIA to investigate matters relating to : The Hindu Analysis
- Human trafficking
- Fake currency or banknotes
- Manufacture or sale of prohibited weapons
- Cyber terrorism
- Offenses under the Explosive Substances Act, 1908.