National Pollution Control Day

National Pollution Control Day

National Pollution Control Day Today Current Affairs

  • Every year 2 December is celebrated as National Pollution Control Day in India.

About National Pollution Control Day: Today Current Affairs

  • National Pollution Control Day is celebrated to commemorate the people who lost their lives in the Bhopal Gas Tragedy of 1984.
  • This day makes us aware of the dire consequences of a mistake made in environmental matters.
  • The primary purpose of celebrating this day is to make people aware about the management and control of industrial disasters and to make efforts towards the control of pollution arising due to industrial or human activities.
  • On the night of December 2, 1984, about 30 tonnes of ‘methyl isocyanite’ gas leaked from the plant of American company Union Carbide India Limited in Bhopal. As a result of which more than 15,000 people died.
  • The present name of American company Union Carbide India Limited is Dow Chemicals.

Methyl isocyanate

  • Methyl isocyanate is an organic compound.
  • Its chemical formula is C2H3NCO.
  • It is formed by the combination of COCl2 and methylamine solution.
  • It is used for the production of carbonate insecticides.

Chemical Properties of Methyl Isocyanate

  • Chemical Formula: C2H3NO
  • Chemical Mass: 57.051 g/mol
  • Density:- 0.9230 g/cm3 at 27 °C
  • Boiling point:- 38.3 °C (100.9 °F; 311.4 K)
  • Solubility in water: 10% (15 °C)
  • Odor: Strong, pungent odor

Impact of air pollution in India- The Hindu Analysis

  • Air pollution has extremely devastating effects in India. 9 out of the 10 most polluted cities in the world are in India.
  • In 2019, 17 lakh people died due to air pollution in India.
  • According to a combined report by Dalberg Advisors, Clean Air Fund and Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), air pollution in India causes a loss of about USD 95 billion (7 lakh crore) every financial year. This amount is 2 times the health budget.

Measures to prevent air pollution

  • The Supreme Court has defined the right to a clean environment in Article 21.
  • The Government of India is promoting the use of other sources of energy (renewable energy sources). For this purpose, the government has recently promised to get 50% of its gross energy requirement from renewable energy sources (Panchamrut principle) the government is promoting hydrogen policy.
  • In the case of vehicles, the government has ordered to accept the rules of BS-6. The age of the vehicle has been fixed by the government at 15 years.  So that more polluted vehicles can be scrapped.
  • Air purifiers are being promoted by the government.

In this article we mention all thing about National Pollution Control Day and highlight the some important thing. Today Current Affairs

Download yojna ias daily current affairs 6 December 2021

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