Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose


  • Recently the government has decided to commemorate the 125th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and install a grand statue of him at the India Gate as part of the year-long celebrations.
  • ‘Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar’ for the year 2019, year 2020, year 2021 and year 2022 will also be given during the decoration ceremony.

Subhas Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Award

  • The annual ‘Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar’ has been established to recognize and honor the invaluable contribution and selfless service rendered by individuals and organizations in the field of disaster management.
  • The award is announced on 23 January every year.
  • In this, a cash prize and certificate of Rs.51 lakh in case of an organization and Rs.5 lakh in case of an individual and certificate is given.


  • Subhas Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack city of Orissa. His mother’s name was Prabhavati Dutt Bose and father’s name was Janakinath Bose.
  • His birth anniversary is celebrated as ‘Parakram Diwas’ on 23rd January.

Education and early life:

  • In the year 1919, he passed the Indian Civil Service (ICS) examination. However, Bose later resigned.
  • He was highly influenced by the teachings of Vivekananda and considered him as his spiritual master.
  • His political mentor was Chittaranjan Das.
  • In the year 1921, Bose took over the editing of the newspaper ‘Forward’ published by the Swaraj Party of Chittaranjan Das.

Relations with Congress:

  • He supported Unqualified Swaraj i.e. independence and opposed the Motilal Nehru Report in which Dominion status for India was talked about.
  • He actively participated in the Salt Satyagraha of 1930 and opposed the suspension of the Civil Disobedience Movement and the signing of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact in the year 1931.
  • In the year 1930s, he became the leader of Jawaharlal Nehru and M.N. Along with Roy, he was involved in the left politics of the Congress.
  • Bose was elected President of Congress in Haripura in the year 1938.
  • In the year 1939, in Tripuri, he again won the election of the President against Gandhi’s candidate Pattabhi Sitaramayya.
  • He founded a new party ‘Forward Bloc’. Its aim was to strengthen the political left and major support base in its home state of Bengal.

Indian National Army:

  • He reached Japan-controlled Singapore from Germany in July 1943, from there he issued his famous slogan ‘Delhi Chalo’ and on October 21, 1943 announced the formation of the Azad Hind Government and the Indian National Army.
  • The Indian National Army was formed for the first time under the leadership of Mohan Singh and Japanese Major Iwaichi Fujiwara and consisted of British-Indian Army prisoners of war captured by Japan in Singapore during the Malayan (present-day Malaysia) campaign.
  • Also included Indian prisoners in Singapore jail and Indian citizens of South-East Asia. Its military strength had increased to 50,000.
  • The INA fought the Allied forces within India’s borders in Imphal and Burma in the year 1944.
  • Soon after the INA members were prosecuted by the British government in November 1945, there were widespread demonstrations across the country.
  • He died in a plane crash in Taiwan in 1945. Although still many secrets are hidden regarding his death.

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