Ninth edition of ‘Raisina Dialogue’ : India emerging as a great power at the global level

Ninth edition of ‘Raisina Dialogue’ : India emerging as a great power at the global level

Source – The Hindu and PIB.

General Studies – Paper – 2 International Relations, Foreign Policy of India, India and Greece Strategic Partnership, Raisina Dialogue, India – Middle East – Europe Economic Corridor, Baltic – Nordic Forum, G-7 or BRICS -10, G-20 groups

Why in the News ?



  • Recently, the ninth edition of the three-day ‘Raisina Dialogue’ was organized in New Delhi from 21 to 23 February 2024 in India.
  • The 9th edition of Raisina Dialogue was inaugurated by the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi in New Delhi. In which the Prime Minister of Greece Kyriakos Mitsotakis was the chief guest in this inaugural session.
  • Raisina Dialogue is a major conference organized by India on geopolitics and geo-economics.
  • Raisina Dialogue is committed to addressing the most challenging issues facing the international community.
  • The main theme of this edition will be organized in 2024 – ‘ Chaturanga : Struggle, Rivalry, Cooperation, Creation’
  • The three-day Raisina Dialogue held in India was attended by representatives of more than 100 countries, including Foreign Ministers, Defense Ministers and Finance Ministers, former Heads of State and Government, military commanders, academicians, journalists and scholars.
  • In this meeting, Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis said that – “ India is a great power at the global level and is also an important ally for global peace and security ” . 
  • He also said that – “ India is an emerging power in the G-20 organization and a leading and important country in fighting the threats posed by climate change ” . 
  • He urged Indian Prime Minister Modi to further strengthen the mutual partnership between India and Greece.
  • Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis inaugurated the event. Connectivity projects like India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor Talked about the importance of  Global governance, inequality at the apex of the UN Security Council and the need for reform were also discussed. 
  • Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis said that – “ Today is a time to celebrate the partnership between the two countries because it is a partnership between two countries that share the same values ​​and this partnership is the relationship between the world’s oldest democracy and the world’s largest democracy ”. 
  • Raisina Dialogue also on India’s role in hosting the G-20 in the year 2023 and its successful discharge by India. InMentioned again and again. Due to the meeting of G-20 Foreign Ministers in Brazil, five permanent members of the Security Council, important G-7 or BRICS-10 There was no presence of any senior minister level from the countries.
  • A large ministerial delegation from Central and Eastern Europe was present, including all ministers from the Baltic-Nordic Forum. This made possible a new diplomatic engagement for the government which is seeking trade agreements and investment relations with this part of Europe. This segment is often overlooked, but it is economically competitive.


Main topics of the ninth edition of  Raisina Dialogue 2024 : 

Following are the six main topics of the ninth edition of Raisina Dialogue 2024 –  

  1. Peace with the Planet: Investment and Innovation.
  2. Defending Democracy: Society and Sovereignty.
  3. War and Peace: Arsenals and Contradictions.
  4. Tech Frontiers: Regulations and Realities.
  5. Decolonization and inclusion of multilateral institutions.
  6. The post-2030 agenda: people and progress.

Introduction to Raisina Dialogue :

  • The headquarters of the Ministry of External Affairs of India is located in the South Block of Raisina Hill in New Delhi. Therefore, this meeting was named after Raisina Hill located in New Delhi, India Known as ‘Raisina Dialogue’.

Importance of Raisina Dialogue :

  • In India, Raisina Dialogue was started in New Delhi in the year 2016.
  • It is an annual conference organized to discuss Geo – Political and Geo – Economic issues.  It is jointly conducted by the Ministry of External Affairs of India and the Observer Research Foundation (ORF).
  • It is a multi-stakeholder, cross-sectoral meeting involving policy-makers and decision-makers, stakeholders from different countries, politicians, journalists, senior officials and representatives of industry and business.
  • Under this, foreign, defense and finance ministers of different countries are included.
  • Observer Research Foundation (ORF) in India was established in the year 1990. Whose headquarters is located in New Delhi, which functions as an ‘independent think tank’.

Main objective of Raisina Dialogue :


  • The main objective of the Raisina Dialogue is to explore possibilities and opportunities for Asian integration as well as better coordination with Asia with the rest of the world.
  • Raisina Dialogue is a multilateral conference that is a platform to commit to address the challenging issues facing the global community.
  • Global leaders from across policy, business, media and civil society from around the world are invited annually to the Raisina Dialogue to discuss a wide range of international policy issues.

Benefits to India from Raisina Dialogue :

  • The Raisina Dialogue provides a platform for the government to articulate its position on various situations and issues of international relations.
  • Raisina Dialogue increases the diplomatic capacity of the Government of India.

Conclusion / Path to solution :


  • There was a lack of diversity in the context of foreign policy due to the non-participation of various other countries in the discussions on foreign policy at the Raisina Dialogue, but a large part of the discussions at this meeting focused on global conflicts.
  • The heavily attended gathering of dignitaries from Europe focused attention on Russia’s war in Ukraine, and panels on military and naval strategy also focused on the need to counter China’s aggressive expansionist policies.
  • There was no attempt at balance in the discussions held at the “Raisina Dialogue” because neither Russia nor China were invited to the meeting.
  • There was minimal attendance from Southeast Asia, Latin America, and even South Asia (except Nepal and Bhutan).
  • Panels on democracy naturally avoided lively debates within India about declining freedoms, but the absence of non-governmental civil society organizations from these discussions created a narrow view of the challenges facing democracies around the world. .
  • There was also no significant discussion of the Israeli war in Gaza. This does not just mean a lack of diversity in the discussions on this unique forum for foreign policy thinking of India, but it also reflects the views of India’s External Affairs Minister S. This diminishes the significance of Jaishankar’s otherwise well-founded comment that the Raisina Dialogue –‘Made in India’ edition of ‘Global Public Square’ has been made.
  • Both India and Greece naturally have a similar outlook on global challenges. As India strengthens its reach abroad, Greece has emerged as a favorable destination country for India.
  • India’s day-by-day growing interest and active engagement in the Mediterranean region is an important aspect of India’s continued growth at the diplomatic level, which will serve as a pillar for India-Greece mutual diplomatic and trade partnership. .
  • India is already investing heavily in Greece’s infrastructure. These also include the construction of a new airport. Therefore, bilateral trade between India and Greece is continuously increasing.
  • The Prime Minister of Greece said that India is the fastest growing economy in the world. Greece has achieved the fastest growth rate of any European country over the years. Therefore, mutual investment between India and Greece is a major objective of our bilateral relations.
  • Mr Kyriakos Mitsotakis and Indian External Affairs Minister Subramaniam Jaishankar also addressed the Raisina Dialogue meeting. He said that as two civilizational countries, India and Greece have a special responsibility to contribute to the development of the existing global order.
  • Except for Southeast Asia, Latin America, and even countries in South Asia – such as Nepal and Bhutan, other countries had minimal presence. A larger presence of South Asian countries in this meeting would have brought out a more diverse approach and would have also revealed the pressures they are facing due to the said conflicts and efforts would have been made to solve those problems through the Raisina Dialogue as much as possible. .

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Practice Questions for Preliminary Exam :

Q.1. Consider the following statements regarding Raisina Dialogue.

  1. Raisina Dialogue is a quadrennial meeting programme. Which is organized every four years in New Delhi.
  2. The main theme of this edition organized in the year 2024 – ‘ Chaturanga: Struggle, Rivalry, Cooperation, Creation ‘Is.
  3. In India, Raisina Dialogue was started in New Delhi in the year 2016.
  4. Raisina Dialogue is jointly organized by the Ministry of Home Affairs, Defense Ministry, Ministry of External Affairs and Observer Research Foundation of India.

Which of the above statement / statements is/are correct?

(A) Only 1 and 4

(B) Only 2 and 3

(C) Only 1 and 3 

(D) Only 2 and 4

Answer – (B)


Practice Questions for Main Exam :

Q.1. Highlighting the main theme of the ninth edition of Raisina Dialogue, discuss how Raisina Dialogue is relevant in the context of changing Geo- diplomatic and strategic relations at the global level ?


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