• Indonesia is going to change its new capital. This is East Kalimantan.  It is now called Nusantara.  Jakarta was earlier the capital of Indonesia.


  • East Kalimantan is located on the island of Borneo. The plan to shift the capital here was announced in 2019.  It was announced by President Joko Widodo.

Reasons to move out of Jakarta

  • Jakarta has been the capital of Indonesia since 1949. Jakarta is facing environmental and financial issues.
  • Pollution is increasing in Jakarta. It is consistently ranked as one of the most polluted cities in the world.  Jakarta is in the island of Java and Nusantara is in the island of Borneo.
  • The size of the island of Borneo is larger than the island of Java. Currently, Jakarta is a densely populated city.  This is increasing the burden to be borne by the Indonesian government.  In addition, Jakarta is sinking.
  • By 2050, most of Jakarta is expected to go under water. The main reason for this is that Jakarta is surrounded by many rivers.  These rivers are prone to frequent floods.  Several cities in Jakarta sank by 10.7 centimeters between 2019 and 2020.

What’s the plan?

  • All government institutions, Rashtrapati Bhavan, international organization buildings and foreign embassy buildings will be shifted to Nusantara.
  • This plan will cost $33 billion to implement. About 2,56,142 hectares of land has been allotted for the construction of the new capital.

Nusantara name reason

  • Nusantara means archipelago. It represents philosophical, social and historical aspects.


  • Nusantara is rich in biodiversity. According to environmentalists, moving the capital to Nusantara would result in massive deforestation.  Also, it would endanger the trees and animals of the area.

Other countries that have recently changed their capital are as follows:

  • Brazil shifted the capital from Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia. Brasilia is located more centrally.
  • In 1991, Nigeria changed its capital from Lagos to Abuja.
  • Kazakhstan changed its capital from Almati to Nur-Sultan.
  • In 2005, Myanmar changed its capital from Rangoon to Naypyidaw.

Download yojna ias daily current affairs 21 january 2022

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