Pandavula Gutta and Ramgarh Crater designated as Geo-Heritage Sites

Pandavula Gutta and Ramgarh Crater designated as Geo-Heritage Sites

This article covers ‘Daily Current Affairs’ and the topic details of ”Pandavula Gutta and Ramgarh Crater designated as Geo-Heritage Sites”. This topic is relevant in the “History and Culture” section of the UPSC CSE exam.


Why in the News?

Pandavula Gutta, an ancient geological wonder that precedes the formation of the Himalayan range, has received official recognition as the exclusive Geo-heritage site in Telangana. Similarly, the Rajasthan government has bestowed the designation of a geo-heritage site upon the Ramgarh Crater located in the Baran district.


About Pandavula Gutta

Pandavula Gutta, a geological marvel in Telangana, isn’t just about rocks and stones. It’s a portal to the past, brimming with historical significance.

Unveiling Prehistoric Lives

This site holds immense value for archaeologists and historians with its numerous prehistoric habitation sites. 

The Palaeolithic cave paintings adorning the walls

These ancient artworks, dating back to a time before recorded history, offer a glimpse into the lives of the people who once called this place home.

A Canvas of the Past

The cave paintings aren’t just random doodles. They depict a rich tapestry of the past, showcasing wildlife like bison, antelope, tigers, and leopards. 

Symbolic shapes and weapons also find their place on the canvas, providing valuable clues about the beliefs and practices of these early inhabitants.

Recognition for a Treasure Trove

The Geological Survey of India (GSI) recently organised a Geo-heritage walk at Pandavula Gutta, highlighting its significance. Pandavula Gutta was officially recognised as a Geo-heritage site, acknowledging its scientific, educational, cultural, and aesthetic value. This recognition ensures the protection and preservation of this irreplaceable window into the past.


About Ramgarh Crater

  • Ramgarh Crater, situated in Rajasthan, was formed approximately 165 million years ago following a meteor impact. Spanning a diameter of 3 kilometres, this crater plays a crucial role in providing essential ecosystem services, thereby contributing significantly to the ecological balance and biodiversity of the region.
  • The significance of Ramgarh Crater extends beyond its geological formation. It holds immense value for its ecosystem services, biodiversity, as well as cultural and heritage significance for the local communities and society at large. Recognising its importance, Ramgarh Crater has been designated as a Conservation Reserve known as the Ramgarh Conservation Reserve under the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972.
  • Moreover, the presence of Pushkar Talab within the crater adds to its allure. This lake serves as a source of both saline and alkaline water, enhancing the beauty and diversity of the area. Notably, these lakes have been officially recognised as wetlands under the Wetland (Conservation & Management) Rules, 2017.


Geo-Heritage Sites

Geoheritage sites are natural landscapes or geological formations that possess significant scientific, educational, cultural, and aesthetic value. These sites often showcase geological processes, ancient rock formations, fossil remains, or other unique geological features that have developed over millions of years.

Significance of Geoheritage Sites

  • Scientific Importance: Geoheritage sites provide valuable insights into Earth’s geological history, allowing scientists to study past environments, climate change, and the evolution of life on our planet. These sites serve as natural laboratories for research in geology, palaeontology, and environmental science.
  • Educational Value: Geoheritage sites offer educational opportunities for students and the public to learn about Earth’s geological processes and natural history. Visiting these sites allows people to appreciate the Earth’s dynamic nature and understand the forces that shape our planet.
  • Cultural and Historical Significance: Many geoheritage sites hold cultural and historical importance for local communities and indigenous peoples. These sites may have spiritual or traditional significance, and their preservation helps maintain cultural heritage and traditions.
  • Tourism and Recreation: Geoheritage sites attract tourists and outdoor enthusiasts, contributing to local economies through tourism-related activities such as hiking, birdwatching, and guided tours. By promoting sustainable tourism practices, these sites can support conservation efforts and community development.

Download Yojna daily current affairs eng med 20th March 2024


Mains practise questions

Q1. Analyse the impact of Geo-Heritage sites on tourism and local economies. How do the preservation and promotion of these sites benefit cultural tourism and sustainable development?

Q2. Explore the connection between Geo-Heritage sites and indigenous cultures. How do indigenous peoples perceive and interact with these sites, and what efforts are made to protect their cultural significance?

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