Poshan Smart Village Programme

Poshan Smart Village Programme


  • A program called “Poshan Smart Village” will be started to strengthen the nutrition campaign.
  • It will be a part of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav to commemorate the 75th year of India’s independence.

Introduction of Poshan Smart Village Programme:

  • This initiative refers to the adoption of 75 villages and convert them into smart villages as per the call of the Prime Minister.
  • A total of 75 villages will be adopted by All India Integrated Research Project (AICRP) centers and Indian Council of Agricultural Research-Central Institute for Agricultural Women (ICAR-CIWA).

Objective of Poshan Smart Village Programme:

  • To promote nutritional awareness, education and behavior change in rural areas involving women and school children engaged in agricultural activities.
  • To use traditional knowledge through local method to remove malnutrition.
  • Implementation of nutrition-sensitive agriculture through domestic farming and nutri-garden.

Poshan Abhiyan The Hindu analysis current affairs for UPSC:

  • The National Nutrition Mission was launched by the government on March 8, 2018, on the occasion of International Women’s Day.
  • The campaign aims to reduce stunting, undernutrition, anemia (in young children, women and adolescent girls) and low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively.
  • It also includes a target to reduce stunting in children aged 0-6 years from 38.4% to 25% by the year 2022.

Poshan 2.0:

  • Recently the Ministry of Women and Child Development inaugurated POSHAN 2.0 and urged all the aspirational districts to set up a Poshan Vatika (Poshan Udyan) during Poshan Maah (from 1st September, 2021).

Malnutrition Scenario in India:

  • Despite decades of investment to combat this malaise, India’s child malnutrition rate is still one of the most risky countries in the world.
  • Global Hunger Index (2021): It is calculated on the basis of total undernourishment, child stunting, wasting and child mortality rate of the population. India is ranked 101st out of 116 countries.
  • Child and maternal malnutrition is responsible for 15% of India’s total disease burden.
  • According to the fifth round of National Family Health Survey (NFHS) (2019-2021) data for 22 states conducted so far, only 9 states have a reduction in stunted children, 10 states have low birth weight and six underweight. A decline in the number of children with
  • Research shows that India’s spending on causal interventions for child malnutrition. 1 USD can generate more than three times the global average in public economic returns of USD (34.1 to 38.6).
  • Studies show that India loses up to 4% of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and up to 8% of its productivity due to child malnutrition.

Other Related Government Initiatives:

  • Anemia Mukt Bharat Abhiyan
  • Pradhan Mantri Poshan Shakti Nirman (PM Nutrition)
  • National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013
  • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)
  • Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS)

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