20 Nov 2021 Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)
Posted at 12:11h in Daily current-affairs 0 Comments
- The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has given its approval for continuation of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana-I & II (PMGSY-I & II) till September, 2022 to complete the remaining works of construction of roads and bridges.
- The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) also gave its approval for continuation of the Road Connectivity Project for Left Wing Extremism Affected Areas (RCPLWEA) till March 2023.
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana(PMGSY)
- PMGSY-I is a centrally sponsored scheme launched in the year 2000 to provide connectivity to road deprived habitations having population of more than 500 in plain areas and more than 250 in North-East and Himalayan states as per Census-2001.
- The scheme also included components of upgradation of existing rural roads for all those districts with eligible habitations.
- It was approved by the cabinet in May 2013, envisaging completion of 50,000 km length of the existing rural road network.
- It was launched in the year 2019 to connect habitations as well as rural agricultural markets, higher secondary schools and hospitals through 1,25,000 km of existing routes and major rural links.
- The implementation period of the scheme is up to March 2025.
Road Connectivity Project for Left Wing Extremism Affected Areas:
- It was awarded for the construction/upgradation of 5,412 km of roads and 126 bridges of strategic importance in 44 districts of 9 states (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana and Uttar Pradesh) in the year 2016.
- Implementation Period: 2016-17 to 2019-20
- The Ministry of Home Affairs, in consultation with the states and security forces, has identified the works of roads and bridges under the scheme.
- Various independent impact assessment studies conducted on PMGSY conclude that the scheme has had a positive impact on agriculture, health, education, urbanization and employment generation.
- Rural connectivity is an imperative of development.
- Providing all-weather road connectivity will expand the economic potential of interconnected environments.
- Upgradation of existing rural roads will improve the overall efficiency of the road network as a transport service provider for people, goods and other services.
- The construction/upgradation of roads will generate both direct and indirect employment for the local people.
- Lack of funds.
- Limited partnership of Panchayati Raj Institutions.
- Inadequate execution and contracting capacity.
- Lack of suitable weather for work and inaccessible areas especially in hilly states.
- Lack of construction material.
- Security concerns, especially in areas with Left Wing Extremism (LWE).