Red panda protection – Today Current Affairs
- Recently the Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park has started an ambitious program to release 20 red pandas into the wild in about five years.
- Singilla National Park, the most protected area in West Bengal, will soon get new residents.
Today Current Affairs
- The giant panda and red panda are the only two different panda species in the world.
- It is also the state animal of Sikkim.
- Red pandas are shy, solitary and tree-dwelling animals and are considered an indicator species for ecological change.
- Both (sub) species found in India:
- Himalayan Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens).
- Chinese Red Panda (Ailurus stanei)
- Siang River in Arunachal Pradesh divides two phylogenetic species.
- It is found in the northern mountains of India, Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar and in the forests of southern China.
- Singilla and Neora Valley National Parks in West Bengal are the two protected areas where red pandas are found, even in these protected areas the panda population has declined.
Red Panda : The Hindu Analysis
- IUCN Red List: Endangered
- CITES: Appendix 1
- Wildlife Protection Act 1972: Schedule 1
Giant Panda : The Hindu Analysis
- IUCN Red List: Vulnerable
- CITES: Appendix 1
Red Panda Project : The Hindu Analysis
- Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park has launched an ambitious program to release 20 of these mammals into the wild in about five years.
- Padmaja Naidu Park Darjeeling is one of the highest altitude zoos in the country and has been very successful in breeding these mammals. The Hindu Analysis
- These pandas will be released in Singilla National Park, the highest protected area of West Bengal.
- Singilla National Park is located on the Singalila Ridge in Darjeeling district.
- It is the highest altitude park in the state of West Bengal.
- It was initially a wildlife sanctuary and was made a national park in the year 1992.
Other National Parks of West Bengal are : The Hindu Analysis
- Jalda Para National Park
- Neora Valley National Park
- Sunderbans National Park
- Gorumara National Park
- Buxa National Park and Tiger Reserve
India’s Efforts for Conservation of Red Panda:
Securing Red Panda Habitat : The Hindu Analysis
- WWF-India works with local communities to reduce their dependence on fuel wood by introducing them to innovative technologies to meet their energy demands.
- More than 200 persons have been trained in making bio-briquettes in Sikkim.
Local Support : The Hindu Analysis
- Local communities are involved in alternative livelihood activities that benefit them, as well as supporting conservation initiatives.
- Community based tourism in Arunachal Pradesh enables local people to earn additional income from tourists visiting red pandas.
Mitigating the threat to the red panda population : The Hindu Analysis
- To work with local communities to reduce forest dependence and involve them in conservation measures, as well as to address the threat of habitat degradation and fragmentation.
- WWF-India has also collaborated with Sikkim Anti-Rabies and Animal Health (SARAH) and initiated a program to sterilize them to control the growing population of wild dogs around important wildlife areas.