Rurban Mission

Rurban Mission


Rurban Mission- Today Current Affairs

  • As per the information presented in Lok Sabha, ‘Syama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission’ (SPMRM) has performed very well in the last four years.

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission: The Hindu Analysis

  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) launched by the Ministry of Rural Development in the year 2016 to deliver integrated project based infrastructure in rural areas, including development of economic activities and skill development.
  • The ‘Provision of Urban Amenities to Rural Areas’ (PURA) was implemented before the implementation of ‘Syama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission’, which was announced in the year 2003.
  • The main objective of this scheme is to reduce the rural-urban divide especially in the area of ​​economic, technical and facilities and services.


  • According to the 2011 census, there are more than 6 lakh villages in India while there are about 7,000 towns and urban centres. Out of the total population, the rural population is 69% and the urban population is 31%.
  • About 70% of the population lives in rural areas and about 50% of the total labor force is still dependent on agriculture, which is not productive enough.
  • Agriculture contributes only 14% to the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), while the contribution of industries and services sector is 26% and 60% respectively.
  • Large parts of rural areas in the country are not just single settlements, but a part of a cluster of settlements, which are relatively close to each other. These clusters usually represent growth potential and are economic drivers and can provide the advantage of local competition.
  • Once developed, these groups can be classified as ‘Rurban’. For this purpose, the Government of India has started the Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission, whose goal is to ensure the development of rural areas by providing economic, social and physical infrastructure.

Rurban Cluster (Non-Tribal and Tribal):

  • These are identified as rural areas of the country, where conditions of urbanization are found, such as increased population density, high levels of non-farm employment, increased economic activity and presence of other socioeconomic parameters.
  • For the purposes of ‘Syama Prasad Mookerjee Rurban Mission’, ‘Rurban area’ refers to a cluster of 15-20 villages with a population of about 30 to 40 lakhs.
  • These clusters are usually geographically contiguous gram panchayats, with a population of about 25,000 to 50,000 in plain and coastal areas and 5000 to 15000 in desert, hilly or tribal areas.

Role of states

  • The State Government identifies the clusters as per the framework prepared by the Ministry of Rural Development.
  • For the selection of clusters, a scientific process of cluster selection is being followed by MoRD which includes an objective analysis of the demographics, economy, importance of tourism and pilgrimage and the impact of transport corridor at district, sub-district and village level.


  • Out of 300 Rurban clusters, 291 Integrated Cluster Action Plans (ICAPs) and 282 Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) have been developed by States/UTs with a proposed investment of Rs.27,788.44 (Critical Gap Fund + Convergence Fund).
  • A total of 40,751 (55%) of the 76,973 estimated works have either been completed or are nearing completion.


  • SPMRM growth clusters are playing an important role in reducing urban migration by ensuring infrastructure, facilities and promoting industrialization.
  • It is very relevant to ensure transformational growth in India’s rural development sector as against transitional/transitional development.

‘Provision of Urban Amenities in Ruler Area’ (PURA): Today Current Affairs

  • PURA was presented by former President Dr. Abdul Kalam in January 2003 for rapid and strong rural development.
  • PURA 2.0 was launched in the year 2012 as a central sector scheme with a focus on developing potential growth centers such as urban census.
  • It was started with the aim of providing livelihood opportunities and urban facilities in rural areas to bridge the rural and urban divide.


  • A potential development center in a Gram Panchayat (or a group of Gram Panchayats) through Public Private Partnership (PPP) to provide livelihood opportunities and urban amenities to improve the quality of life in rural areas to bring about an overall and accelerated development of the well-connected areas in the vicinity.
  • The facilities and economic activities provided under PURA include water and sewerage, construction and maintenance of village roads, drainage, solid waste management, skill development, village street lighting, telecom, power generation, village tourism etc.

In this article we mention all information about Rurban Mission Today Current Affairs.

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