This article covers “Daily Current Affairs” and the topic details “SENDAI    FRAMEWORK”.The topic “SENDAI FRAMEWORK” has relevance in the “Disaster Management” section for the UPSC CSE exam.

Relevance of the topic “SENDAI FRAMEWORK”?

For Prelims:

For Mains:

GS 3:Disaster management
What are the Goals,Key Principles and Implementation framework of SENDAI FRAMEWORK?

What is the significance of SENDAI FRAMEWORK? Way forward?

Why in the news?

India’s National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) organized a Risk Reduction Hub Event at the United Nations headquarters during the High-level meeting of the midterm review of Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) 2015-2030 to discuss ‘The Roles of States for Promoting Investments in Disaster Risk Reduction towards Resilient and Sustainable Future. 


The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction is a global agreement adopted by United Nations member states in 2015. It is a comprehensive framework that sets out strategies and goals for reducing disaster risk and promoting resilience at the national, regional, and global levels. The framework is named after the city of Sendai in Japan, where it was adopted during the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction.

What is the goal of SENDAI FRAMEWORK?

The framework sets four specific goals for disaster risk reduction, which are to reduce disaster mortality, reduce the number of affected people, reduce economic losses, and reduce damage to critical infrastructure. It also outlines seven global targets and four priorities for action.


Key principles:

The framework is guided by four key principles, known as the “4 Rs”: Risk Reduction, Resilience, Recovery, and Reconstruction. It emphasizes the need for a multi-hazard approach, the involvement of all stakeholders, and the integration of disaster risk reduction into development planning.

Implementation and Monitoring:

The Sendai Framework encourages countries to develop and implement national and local strategies for disaster risk reduction. It also emphasizes the importance of international cooperation, capacity building, and the sharing of knowledge and information. The framework includes a monitoring process to track progress in achieving its goals and targets.

What is the significance of SENDAI FRAMEWORK

  • International Cooperation: The framework emphasizes the importance of international cooperation and collaboration in disaster risk reduction.
  • Alignment with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): The Sendai Framework is closely linked to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) adopted by the United Nations. It recognizes the interlinkages between disaster risk reduction, sustainable development, poverty eradication, climate change adaptation, and other global development agendas.
  • National and Local Implementation: The framework encourages countries to develop and implement national and local strategies for disaster risk reduction. This includes incorporating disaster risk reduction into development planning, policy-making, and governance structures.

Way forward:

  •  Strengthening National Policies and Governance: Countries should align their national policies and legal frameworks with the Sendai Framework.
  • Risk Assessment and Early Warning Systems: Conducting comprehensive risk assessments is essential to identify hazards, vulnerabilities, and potential impacts.
  • Strengthening Community Engagement and Empowerment: Engaging local communities in disaster risk reduction efforts is vital. This includes raising awareness, providing education and training, and involving communities in decision-making processes.


Source:PIB,UNDRR website.

Q.1 Which of the following statements regarding the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (2015-2030) is/are correct?

  1. It was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly and is a global roadmap for disaster risk reduction.
  2. The framework aims to substantially reduce the number of deaths and the economic losses caused by disasters.
  3. It emphasizes the importance of incorporating climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies into disaster risk reduction efforts.
  4. The Sendai Framework primarily focuses on addressing natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, and hurricanes.
    Select the correct answer using the code given below:
    (a) 1 and 4 only
    (b) 2, 3, and 4 only
    (c) 1, 2, 3 only
    (d) 1, 2, 3, 4

Answer: (c)

Q.2 The Sendai Framework is aimed at:
(a) Promoting sustainable development in urban areas.
(b) Addressing climate change and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
(c) Enhancing global cooperation to prevent and manage disaster risks
(d) Ensuring access to clean water and sanitation in vulnerable communities capabilities

Answer: (c)

Q.3 Discuss the role of the Sendai Framework in promoting sustainable development. How does the framework contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)? Illustrate your answer with relevant examples                                                                                                  [15 marks]



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