- The 80th death anniversary of ‘Shachindranath Sanyal’ (1893 – 1942) was celebrated on 7th February. He was born on 3 April 1893 in Varanasi.
Role in India’s Freedom Struggle:
- Shachindranath Sanyal founded the ‘Hindustan Republican Association’ (HRA) with the aim of conducting armed resistance against the British Empire in India.
- He established a branch of ‘Anushilan Samiti’ in Patna in the year 1913.
- In the 1912 Delhi Conspiracy Case, Sanyal along with Rash Behari Bose attacked the then Viceroy Lord Hardinge.
- He was widely involved in the ‘Ghadar’ conspiracy schemes, and went underground after it was exposed in February 1915. Shachindranath Sanyal was a close associate of Rash Behari Bose.
- After Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose left for Japan, Shachindranath Sanyal was considered the most senior leader of India’s revolutionary movement.
- He was the mentor of revolutionaries like Chandrashekhar Azad and Bhagat Singh.
- Sanyal and Mahatma Gandhi were involved in a famous debate published in ‘Young India’ between 1920 and 1924. Sanyal presented his arguments against Gandhi’s ‘Gradualist Approach’.
- Sanyal was sentenced to life imprisonment for his involvement in the Kakori conspiracy and was imprisoned in the Cellular Jail in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Here he wrote his book, Bandi Jeevan (A Life of Captivity, 1922).