Srivilliputhur-Megamalai Tiger Reserve 

 Srivilliputhur-Megamalai Tiger Reserve 

 Srivilliputhur-Megamalai Tiger Reserve


The recently declared Srivilliputhur-Megamalai Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu will provide protection to Megamalai, the Vaigai’s primary catchment, in turn helping water levels to rise in the river.


Vaigai River:

  • Origin and Tributaries:
    • It originates in the Western Ghats (Varushanad Hills).
    • It travels through the Pandya Nadu regionof Tamil Nadu.
    • Its main tributaries are Suruliyaru, Mullaiyaru, Varaganadhi, Manjalaru, Kottagudi, Kridhumaal and Upparu.
    • The Vaigai is 258 kms longand finally empties into the Palk Strait near the Pamban Bridge in Ramanathapuram district.
  • Heritage River:
    • The Vaigai was the river that flowed through the noted city of Madurai, the capital(4th-11thcentury CE) of the ancient and prosperous Pandya kingdom located in southern Tamil Nadu.
    • The river finds a mention in Sangam literature dated to 300 before the Common Era.
  • Significance:
    • The river fulfils the drinking water requirement of five districts of Tamil Nadu namely Theni, Madurai, Ramanathapuram, Sivagangai and Dindigul.
    • It also provides irrigation to 2,00,000 hectares of agricultural land.


Srivilliputhur-Megamalai Tiger Reserve:

  • Establishment:
    • It was established in February 2021.It was jointly declared by the Centre and Tamil Nadu governments.
    • For this, the Megamalai WLS and the adjoining Srivilliputhur WLS were clubbed together.
    • Srivilliputhur-Megamalai Tiger Reserve is the fifth Tiger Reserve of Tamil Nadu, and 51thtiger reserve of India.
  • Ecological Diversity:
    • Animals seen here are Bengal tiger, elephants, gaur, Indian giant squirrel, leopard, Nilgiri Tahrs,
    • It has a mix of tropical evergreen forests and semi-evergreen forests, dry deciduous forests and moist mixed deciduous forests, grassland.

      Download Yojna IAS Daily Current Affairs of 09 Jun 2021

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