12 Nov 2021 Surendranath Banerjee
Posted at 15:31h in Daily current-affairs 0 Comments
- Surendra Nath Banerjee was born on 10 November 1848 to Durga Charan Banerjee, a physician by profession. Surendra Nath Banerjee initially received his education from Presidency College.
- After graduation he went to England to appear in the Indian Civil Services Examination in 1868 along with Ramesh Chandra Dutt and Bihari Lal Gupta.
- He passed the examination with both of them and became eligible to serve in the Government of British India.
- He was appointed as an assistant magistrate in Sylhet (Bangladesh) but soon Surendra Nath was dismissed on the ground of a technical impropriety in a report on his age prepared by one of his subordinates.
- He opposed the Ilbert Bill and in 1882 he also opened a college which he named Ripon College, after the Marquis of Ripon, the Viceroy of India from 1880-1884.
- On 26 July 1876, along with Ananda Mohan Bose, he founded the Indian National Association, also known as the Indian Association and the All India National Conference.
- Made a major contribution in organizing the first All India National Conference in Calcutta in 1883. This national conference was the first attempt at all India level.
- Banerjee was an important figure in the Swadeshi movement, advocating for goods manufactured in India against foreign products.
- In 1879, he bought and edited an English-language newspaper ‘Bengali’, which was also the mouthpiece of his liberal political views.
- After the establishment of the Congress in 1885, Surendra Nath Banerjee merged his organization with the Indian National Congress.
- Banerjee presided over the 11th session held at Poona in 1895 and the 18th session at Ahmedabad in 1902.
- By 1900, Surendra Nath Banerjee had also become an important leader of the Congress along with the Calcutta Corporation and the Bengal Legislative Council, due to his liberal views, he was the leading leader of Indian demands in England.
- When Lord George Curzon announced the partition of Bengal in 1905, Banerjee strongly opposed it in public meetings and rallies.
- Banerjee also supported the Morley-Minto Reforms of 1909. He was elected to the Legislative Council for the Reform of Bengal in 1921.
- He was also knighted and served as Minister for Local Self-Government from 1921 to 1924.