24 Nov 2021 Swachh Survekshan 2021
- Recently, the President honored cities for their performance in maintaining cleanliness, waste management and overall cleanliness in the sixth edition of Swachh Survekshan 2021.
- The event was organized during the ‘Swachh Amrit Mahotsav’ which is a celebration of the achievements of cities in the last seven years of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan-Urban and with renewed vigor in the next phase of cleanliness through Swachh Bharat Abhiyan-Urban 2.0 Demonstrates the commitment of cities and citizens to move forward.
- It conducts annual survey of cleanliness, waste management and overall cleanliness in cities and towns of India.
- It was launched as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, which aimed to make India clean and free from open defecation.
- A total of 73 cities were included in the first Swachh Survekshan conducted in the year 2016.
- A total of 4242 cities were included in the annual Swachh Survekshan conducted in the year 2020 and it was said to be the world’s largest cleanliness survey.
- In the 6th Swachh Survekshan conducted in the year 2021, 4,320 cities participated, in which more than 50 million citizens have responded, compared to 1.87 crore last time.
- Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA)
Categories of Swachh Survekshan 2021:
Population less than 1 lakh:
- Vita, Lonavala and Saswad cities of Maharashtra were the first, second and third cleanest cities respectively.
Population more than 1 lakh:
- Indore (Madhya Pradesh) has been adjudged the cleanest city in India under the SwachhSurvekshan for the fifth consecutive year, while Surat and Vijayawada have secured the second and third positions respectively.
- Hoshangabad emerged as the ‘Fastest Moving City’ in Madhya Pradesh, thus securing the 87th position among the top 100 cities.
- Best Ganga Town: Varanasi
- Cleanest Cantonment: Ahmedabad Cantonment was declared ‘India’s Cleanest Cantonment’, followed by Meerut Cantonment and Delhi Cantonment.
States with more than 100 Urban Local Bodies:
- Chhattisgarh has been awarded as India’s ‘Cleanest State’ for the third consecutive year.
- Karnataka has emerged as the “Fastest Mover State”.
States with less than 100 Urban Local Bodies (ULBs):
- Jharkhand won the cleanest state award in the “Urban Local Bodies Category” for the second time.
- Mizoram emerged as the ‘Fast Mover State’ in the category of small (less than 100 ULB) state.
Motivational Round Honors:
- A new performance category was introduced under Swachh Survekshan 2021, with five cities- Indore, Surat, Navi Mumbai, New Delhi Municipal Council and Tirupati classified as ‘Divya’ (Platinum).
Safai Mitra Safety Challenge:
- Out of 246 cities participating under the Safai Mitra Suraksha Challenge, the top performing cities are Indore, Navi Mumbai, Nellore and Dewas, while the top performing states are Chhattisgarh and Chandigarh.
5-Star Rating Garbage Free Cities in India:
- Under the Star Rating Protocol of Garbage Free Cities, 9 cities have been certified as 5-Star cities, while 143 cities have been certified as 3-Star.
- The Star Rating Protocol was launched by MoHU in the year 2018 to institutionalize a mechanism to make cities waste free and motivate cities to achieve higher levels of sustainable sanitation.
- A total of 9 cities- Indore, Surat, New Delhi Municipal Council, Navi Mumbai, Ambikapur, Mysore, Noida, Vijayawada and Patan have been certified as 5-star cities
Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U) 2.0
- SBM-U 2.0 announced in Budget 2021-22 is a continuation of the first phase of SBM-U.
- Government is trying to implement sanitation related measures in toilets, disposal of sewage sludge and exploitation of septage. It will be implemented for five years from 2021 to 2026 with an outlay of Rs 1.41 lakh crore.
- It focuses on segregation of waste sources, reduction of single use plastics and air pollution, effective management of waste generated from construction and demolition activities and bioremediation of all old dump sites.
- Under this mission all the waste water will be properly treated before releasing it into the water bodies and the government is trying to prioritize its maximum reuse.