- Recently, the Chief Minister of Bihar has announced to observe February 15 as “Martyr’s Day” in memory of 34 freedom fighters killed by police in Tarapur town (now subdivision) of Munger district of Bihar 90 years ago.
- The Tarapur massacre was the biggest massacre by the British police after the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar in 1919.
Today Current Affairs
Tarapur Massacre – Today Current Affairs
- On February 15, 1932, a group of young freedom fighters planned to hoist the Indian National Flag at Tarapur Thana Bhawan.
- The police was aware of this plan and several officers were present on the spot.
- A mob of 4,000 pelted stones at the police, injuring a civil administration official.
- The police fired indiscriminately at the crowd in retaliation. After firing about 75 rounds, 34 bodies were found on the spot, although an even larger number of deaths were being claimed.
- Only 13 of the dead were identified.
Reason for protest: The Hindu Analysis
- A wave of mourning and outrage ran across the country due to the hanging of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru in Lahore on 23 March 1931. The Hindu Analysis.
- Mahatma Gandhi was arrested in early 1932 after the Gandhi-Irwin Pact was repealed.
- By this agreement Gandhiji agreed to participate in a Round Table Conference in London (Congress had earlier boycotted the Round Table Conference) and the government agreed to release political prisoners.
- Congress was declared an illegal organization and Nehru, Patel and Rajendra Prasad were also imprisoned.
- Freedom fighters Srikrishna Singh, Nemdhari Singh, Nirapad Mukherjee, Pandit Dashrath Jha, Basukinath Rai, Dinanath Sahai and Jaimangal Shastri were arrested in Munger. The Hindu Analysis.
- The call by Congress leader Sardar Shardul Singh Kaviswar to hoist the tricolor on government buildings echoed in Tarapur.