US, UAE, Bahrain and Israel: Joint Naval Exercise

US, UAE, Bahrain and Israel: Joint Naval Exercise


  • Armies of the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Israel and the United States Naval Forces Central Command (NAVCENT) launched a multilateral maritime security operations exercise in the ‘Red Sea’.
  • It is the first publicly sanctioned naval exercise between the United States, Israel and two Gulf countries (UAE, Bahrain).


  • In the year 2020, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain normalized their diplomatic relations with Israel under the US-led Abrahamic Agreement brought together by shared concerns regarding Iran and hopes of economic gains.
  • The US Fifth Fleet/NAVCENT is based in Bahrain and operates in the Arabian Gulf, the Gulf of Oman, the Red Sea and parts of the Indian Ocean.
  • Analysts believe that since February 2021, Iran and Israel are engaged in a ‘shadow war’, under which both nations are attacking each other’s ships.
  • Negotiations between Iran and the major powers (P5+1) to revive the 2015 nuclear deal will resume in Vienna on November 29, 2021, although regional tensions could escalate if these talks fail.
  • The objective of this five-day exercise held in the Red Sea is to increase the interactivity among the participating security forces.
  • This maritime cooperation helps protect freedom of navigation and free flow of trade, which are essential to regional security and stability.
  • The exercise includes boarding, search and seizure training on board the USS Portland (a transport docked ship).

About Red Sea:

  • The Red Sea is close in Tropical Basin, bounded by Africa to the northeast, the Arabian Peninsula to the west and east.
  • This basin of long and narrow shape extends from the middle and north-west of the Mediterranean Sea and from the Indian Ocean to the south-east.
  • At the northern end it is separated from the Gulf of Aqaba and the Gulf of Suez, which is connected to the Mediterranean Sea via the Suez Canal.
  • At the southern end it is connected to the Gulf of Aden and the outer Indian Ocean by the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait.
  • It is surrounded by desert or semi-desert areas with no major fresh water flow.
  • 6 border countries: Yemen, Saudi Arab,  Egypt,  Sudan,  Eritrea.

Download yojna ias daily current affairs 15 November 2021

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