19 Apr 2022 World heritage day
World heritage day – Today Current Affairs
- Every year on 18 April, ‘International Day for Monuments and Sites’ or ‘World Heritage Day’ is organized to create awareness for the protection of cultural-historical sites and heritage. .
- The theme of World Heritage Day for the year 2022 is “Heritage and Climate”.
Today Current Affairs
- The International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) established ‘World Heritage Day’ in the year 1982 and in 1983 it was approved by UNESCO.
- The day aims to create awareness about the cultural-historical heritage among different communities.
UNESCO World Heritage Sites : The Hindu Analysis
- World Heritage/Heritage Site means a place which has been listed by UNESCO because of its specific cultural or physical importance.
- The list of World Heritage Sites is prepared by the ‘World Heritage Program’, this program is administered by the ‘World Heritage Committee’ of UNESCO.
- This list is embodied in an international treaty named ‘Convention on the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage’, adopted by UNESCO in the year 1972.
World Heritage Sites in India : The Hindu Analysis
- Presently there are 40 World Heritage Sites in India.
- Of these, 32 are in the ‘Cultural’ category, such as the Ajanta Caves, Fatehpur Sikri and Hampi Monuments etc., while 7 are in the ‘Natural’ category, including Kaziranga, Manas and Nanda Devi National Parks.
- The Harappan city of Dholavira in Gujarat has been ranked as the 40th World Heritage Site of India.
- Ramappa Temple (Telangana) was the 39th World Heritage Site of India.
- Sikkim’s Kangchenjunga National Park is the first and only site in India designated as a “mixed World Heritage Site”.
- In the year 2022, the Union Ministry of Culture has designated the holy congregation of Hoysala temples to be considered as a World Heritage Site for the year 2022-2023.
Today Current Affairs
- The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
- It seeks to establish peace through international cooperation in the fields of education, science and culture.
- It has 193 member countries and 11 affiliated members. India joined UNESCO in the year
- Its headquarter is in Paris (France).
Major Initiatives of UNESCO : The Hindu Analysis
- Human and Biosphere Program
- World Heritage Program
- UNESCO Global Geoparks Network
- UNESCO Creative Cities Network
- Atlas of the World’s Languages in Gender
International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) : The Hindu Analysis
- It is a global non-governmental organization affiliated to UNESCO. It is also located in Paris, France.
- Its primary mission is to promote the construction, conservation, use and enhancement of monuments, complexes and sites.
- It reviews the nominations of UNESCO World Heritage Convention and ensures their conservation status.
- As such it was established to develop ‘intellectual and moral solidarity among mankind’ as a means of building lasting peace in the cultural world5.
- Its establishment in the year 1965 is the logical result of negotiations between architects, historians and international experts, which began in the early twentieth century and concluded in 1964 as the ‘Venetian Charter’.