Advocates (Amendment) Bill, 2023

Advocates (Amendment) Bill, 2023

This article covers “Daily Current Affairs” and the topic details “ Advocates (Amendment) Bill, 2023”. This topic has relevance in the Polity and Governance section of the UPSC CSE exam.


GS 2: Polity and Governance


Why in the news?

The Advocates (Amendment) Bill, 2023, underwent significant legislative progress, securing approval in both the Rajya Sabha in August 2023 and the Lok Sabha during the recent winter session. The primary focus of this bill is to streamline the legal system by eliminating touts, leading to the repeal of the archaic Legal Practitioners Act, 1879, and amendments to the Advocates Act, 1961.

The bill aligns with the government’s commitment to declutter the legal framework by repealing outdated laws, such as the Legal Practitioners Act, 1879, that have lost their relevance over time.



The legal landscape governing practitioners in India has witnessed significant changes over the years, transitioning from the Legal Practitioners Act of 1879 to the more comprehensive Advocates Act of 1961.

Legal Practitioners Act of 1879:

  • The primary objective of the 1879 Act was to consolidate and amend the law concerning Legal Practitioners in specific provinces.
  • Section 2 of the Act defined a legal practitioner to encompass advocates, vakils, or attorneys of any High Court.
  • The Act introduced a novel definition of the term “tout,” characterizing them as individuals who, in consideration of remuneration from a legal practitioner, secure the employment of that practitioner in legal business.


Advocates Act of 1961:

  • Enacted in 1961, the Advocates Act aimed to amend and consolidate laws related to legal practitioners. It also provided acfor the establishment of Bar Councils and an All-India Bar.
  • Replaced three previous Acts governing legal practitioners: the Legal Practitioners Act of 1879, the Bombay Pleaders Act of 1920, and the Indian Bar Councils Act of 1926.

Repeal of the Legal Practitioners Act of 1879:

    • The Law Commission, in its 249th Report titled ‘Obsolete Laws: Warranting Immediate Repeal,’ recommended the repeal of the 1879 Act.
    • Acknowledging these recommendations and those of the All-India Bar Committee in 1953, the Advocates Act of 1961 was enacted.


Source: The Advocates (Amendment) Bill, 2023 (

Download Yojna daily current affairs eng med 14th Dec 2023

Q.1 Regarding the The Advocates (Amendment) Bill, 2023 recently seen in the news, consider the following statements: 

  1. The Bill empowers only the High Courts and Supreme Court to create and publish lists of touts.
  2. The Act introduced a novel definition of the term “tout”.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2




Q.2 Critically Examine the Implications of the Advocates (Amendment) Bill, 2023, on Legal Practice in India. Analyze the Bill’s Impact on Streamlining the Legal System.


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