15 Sep 2023 Draft National Strategy for Robotics (NSR)
This article covers “Daily Current Affairs” and the Topic details “Draft National Strategy for Robotics (NSR)”. This Topic has relevance in the Science and Technology section of the UPSC CSE exam.
About National Strategy for Robotics (NSR)?
GS 3: Science and Technology
Main Challenges in India’s Robotics Sector?
Why in the news
The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has extended an invitation for public input and feedback from various stakeholders regarding the draft “National Strategy for Robotics (NSR).”
Aim: The Draft National Strategy for Robotics (NSR) aims to strengthen all aspects of the innovation cycle within robotic technology, accompanied by the establishment of a robust institutional framework to ensure effective implementation of these initiatives.
- Establish India as a Global Leader in Robotics by 2030
- Reinforce Make in India 2.0 Initiatives for Enhanced Integration in the Global Value Chain
Nodal Agency: Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) to Lead the Effort through the ‘National Robotics Mission’ (NRM)
Core Sectors: Prioritizing Robotics Automation in Key Sectors
- National Security
Measures: Stimulating Innovation in Robotics by:
- Fiscal and Non-Fiscal Interventions by NRM
- Development of Funding Mechanisms for Robotics Start-ups
- Promotion of Robotic Exports
- Strong Regulatory Framework: Establish a robust regulatory framework led by the Robotics Innovation Unit (RIU) under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY).
- Centers of Excellence (CoEs) in Robotics: Create CoEs for foundational and applied robotics research. Encourage private sector participation in priority sectors for experimental prototyping and initial commercialization.
- Support for Startups: Provide support to startups, harness research potential in higher education institutions, and develop dedicated robotics industrial zones.
- Public Procurement Policy: Implement a Public Procurement Policy for Robotics, wherein the central government becomes a major buyer of Indian-made robotic systems, incentivizing domestic production with a minimum local content requirement.
Main Challenges in India’s Robotics Sector:
- Import Dependence: India heavily depends on importing robotics components, primarily from China and Japan, which raises concerns about self-reliance and supply chain vulnerabilities.
- Expensive Hardware: High costs associated with robotics hardware components pose a significant barrier to the widespread adoption of robotics technology, particularly for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).
- Limited Research and Development: Insufficient investments in research and development (R&D) impede progress in robotics technology. The lack of a robust R&D ecosystem hampers innovation and indigenous development of advanced robotics solutions.
Q.1 With reference to the Draft National Strategy for Robotics (NSR), consider the following statements:
- It aims to establish India as a Global Leader in Robotics by 2030
- Ministry of Science and Technology to Lead the Effort through the ‘National Robotics Mission’ (NRM)
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Q.2 Discuss the key objectives and recommendations outlined in the Draft National Strategy for Robotics (NSR) in India. Analyze the significance of this strategy in promoting innovation.