India hosts pre-summit meeting of Tiger Range countries

India hosts pre-summit meeting of Tiger Range countries


  • Recently India has hosted the Pre-Summit of Tiger Range Countries (TRCs).
  • The Tiger Range Countries Summit is scheduled to be held on September 5, 2022 in Vladivostok, Russia.
  • The 4th Asia Ministerial Conference on Tiger Conservation was held in January 2022.
  • The National Tiger Conservation Authority of India has also decided to issue guidelines for restoration of tigers which can be used by other tiger range countries.

Key points

  • Twelve countries of the Tiger/Tiger range participated in the meeting except China and Indonesia.
  • The 13 Tiger Range Countries (TRCs) are: India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, Lao PDR (People’s Democratic Republic), Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand, Vietnam, China and Indonesia.
  • India is committed to bring all possible tiger habitats in the country under the Tiger Reserve Network.
  • The aim of the meeting is to finalize the Declaration on Tiger Conservation to be adopted at the summit.

Importance of Tiger Conservation:

 Important in regulating ecological processes:

  • The tiger is a unique animal that plays an important role in a health ecosystem and its diversity.
  • Forests are known to provide ecological services like clean air, water, pollination, temperature regulation etc.

Maintaining a Diet Chain:

  • It is an apex predator that is at the top of the food chain and controls wild (mainly large mammal) populations.
  • The tiger, therefore, helps maintain a balance between the herbivores and the vegetation on which they feed by hunting herbivores.

Conservation Status of Tiger:

  • Wildlife (Protection) Amendment Bill 2021: Schedule 1
  • Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN): On the verge of extinction.
  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES): Appendix 1

Indian Scenario in Tiger Conservation:

  • India has 52 tiger reserves spread over an area of ​​about 75,000 square kilometers in 18 states.
  • Globally, India has about 75% of wild tigers.
  • India had achieved the target of doubling the number of tigers in the year 2018 itself, four years before the target year 2022.
  • Conservation assured to 17 tiger reserves in the country. Tiger Standards (CA|TS) has received international recognition and two tiger reserves (Satyamangalam and Pilibhit) have received the International Tx2 award.
  • India has bilateral agreements and MoUs with several tiger range countries and is working closely with Cambodia for technical assistance towards bringing back wild tigers.

YojnaIAS daily current affairs eng med 12thAugust

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