PM-PVTG Development Mission

PM-PVTG Development Mission

This article covers “Daily Current Affairs” and the topic details “ PM-PVTG Development Mission”. This topic has relevance in the Social Justice section of the UPSC CSE exam.


GS 2: Social Justice


Why in the news?

The Prime Minister has recently inaugurated the PM PVTG Development Mission, targeting the most vulnerable segment within the Tribal Population.


About PM-PVTG Development Mission: 

The PM-PVTG Development Mission program, with an allocated budget of Rs.15,000 crore for Scheduled Tribes in the Union Budget, aims to uplift the socio-economic status of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs). This initiative focuses on providing essential facilities and improving living conditions for these marginalized communities.


Key Parameters of the Mission:

  • Provision of basic facilities such as safe housing.
  • Ensuring access to clean drinking water and sanitation.
  • Advancing education, health, and nutrition for PVTGs.
  • Enhancing accessibility to roads in settlements inhabited by backward scheduled tribes.


Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs):

  • Identification and Designation:
      • Designated by the Ministry of Home Affairs, PVTGs include 75 tribal groups spread across 18 states and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
      • Introduced in 1975, the concept of PVTGs identifies the most vulnerable among tribal communities.
      • The list expanded in 1993, encompassing 23 additional groups, resulting in the current total of 75.
  • Regional Concentration:
    • Odisha has the highest concentration of PVTGs, with 13 groups identified.
    • Andhra Pradesh follows closely with 12 designated PVTGs.


Classification Criteria for PVTGs:

Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) are classified based on specific criteria:

  • Population Dynamics: PVTGs exhibit declining or stagnant populations, emphasizing their vulnerability.
  • Education Levels: These groups have low levels of literacy, indicating a need for educational interventions.
  • Technological Development: PVTGs often maintain pre-agricultural levels of technology, requiring developmental support.
  • Economic Status: Economic backwardness is a crucial criterion for the classification of PVTGs, reflecting the need for targeted socio-economic initiatives.


The PM-PVTG Development Mission focuses on addressing the unique challenges faced by Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups, aiming to uplift their socio-economic status through targeted interventions and provisions of essential services.

Download Yojna daily current affairs eng med 17th November 2023


Q.1 With reference to Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs), consider the following statements:

  1. PVTGs are designated by the Ministry of Home Affairs
  2. Odisha has the highest concentration of PVTGs

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2




Q.2 Discuss the criteria for their identification and designation of the PVTGs. Evaluate the challenges faced by PVTGs and suggest policy measures to address their socio-economic vulnerabilities.

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